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Related to Fundus uteri: body of uterus


 [fun´dus] (pl. fun´di) (L.)
the bottom or base of anything; anatomic nomenclature for the bottom or base of an organ, or the part of a hollow organ farthest from its mouth. adj., adj fun´dal, fun´dic.
The fundus of the uterus grows in a predictable pattern during the weeks of pregnancy. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
fundus of bladder the base or posterior surface of the urinary bladder, which contains the trigone of the bladder and the outlet where urine empties through the internal urethral orifice.
fundus of eye the back portion of the interior of the eyeball, visible through the pupil by use of the ophthalmoscope. (See Atlas 4, Part A).
fundus of gallbladder the inferior, dilated portion of the gallbladder.
fundus of stomach the part of the stomach to the left and above the level of the opening between the stomach and esophagus.
fundus tym´pani the floor of the tympanic cavity.
fundus u´teri (fundus of uterus) the part of the uterus above the orifices of the fallopian tubes.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


, pl.


(fŭn'dŭs, dī), [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit; occasionally a broad cul-de-sac.
[L. bottom]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


n. pl. fun·di (-dī′) Anatomy
The portion of a hollow organ opposite or farthest from its opening.

fun′dic adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Anatomy The part of a hollow organ that is farthest away from the organ's opening; the bladder, gallbladder, stomach, uterus, eye, and middle ear cavity all have a fundus Ophthalmology The interior of the eyeball–ie, retina, optic disc, macula, which is seen during a fundoscopic eye examination.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(fŭn'dŭs) [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit; occasionally a broad cul-de-sac.
[L. bottom]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(fun'dus) [L. fundus, bottom]
1. The larger part, base, or body of a hollow organ.
2. The portion of an organ most remote from its opening. fundic (fun'dik), adjective

fundus of bladder

The base of the urinary bladder, the portion closest to the rectum.

fundus flavimaculatus

Stargardt disease.

fundus of gallbladder

The lower dilated portion of the gallbladder.

ocular fundus

The posterior part of the eye including the retina and optic nerve.

fundus of stomach

The uppermost portion of the stomach, posterior and lateral to the entrance of the esophagus.

fundus tympani

The floor of the tympanic cavity close to the jugular fossa. It contains the bulb of the internal jugular vein.

fundus uteri

Fundus of the uterus.
Enlarge picture
FUNDUS OF THE UTERUS: Measuring the size of the fundus

fundus of the uterus

The area of the uterus above the openings of the fallopian tubes.
Synonym: fundus uteri See: illustration
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


The inner surface of an organ furthest from the opening. The fundus of the eye is the inner area covered with the RETINA. The fundus of the uterus is the inner surface of the dome of the womb.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


The inside of an organ. In the eye, refers to the back area that can be seen with the ophthalmoscope.
Mentioned in: Eye Examination
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The bottom or back surface of an organ. The term is used here to refer to the posterior portion of the interior of the eye visible with an instrument (e.g. ophthalmoscope).
fundus albipunctatus A recessively inherited, nonprogressive tapetoretinal degeneration. It is characterized by a multitude of small, grey or whitish dots scattered throughout the fundus at the level of the pigment epithelium and accompanied by night blindness. The macula is spared and the retinal blood vessels, optic disc, visual field, colour vision and visual acuity are normal.
fundus camera See fundus camera.
fundus examination  See biomicroscope; slit-lamp; direct ophthalmoscope; indirect ophthalmoscope.
fundus flavimaculatus A retinal degeneration characterized by prominent, irregular-shaped whitish or yellow flecks scattered throughout the posterior fundi of both eyes. There is usually no loss of vision unless one of the flecks involves the fovea. It is a variant of Stargardt's disease. The electrooculogram is useful in diagnosing this condition.
leopard fundus An ocular fundus marked with dark blotches on its surface as a result of a tapetoretinal degeneration, such as retinitis pigmentosa. Syn. leopard retina.
ocular fundus The interior of the eye (as may be seen with the aid of an ophthalmoscope) consisting of the retina, the retinal blood vessels and even sometimes the choroidal vessels when there is little pigment in the pigment epithelium (e.g. albinos), the foveal depression, and the optic disc. The fundus appears red, owing mainly to the choroidal blood supply. The colour is lighter in fair people than in darker races and is dependent upon the amount of pigment in the pigment epithelium and in the choroid. In dark races the fundus is almost dark grey (Fig. F11). Plural: fundi. See fundus biomicroscopy; fundus camera; Hollenhorst's plaques; tapetum lucidum.
fundus reflex See fundus reflex.
salt and pepper fundus The appearance of the ocular fundus characterized by a stippling of dark pigmented spots and yellowish-red spots of atrophy, as is found in congenital syphilis, choroideremia, Leber's congenital amaurosis, rubeola, poliomyelitis, etc.
tessellated fundus A normal ocular fundus in which the choroidal pattern appears as roughly polygonal dark areas in between choroidal vessels because the retinal pigment epithelium layer is thin and the choroid heavily pigmented. Syn. tessellated retina; tigroid fundus; tigroid retina.
tigroid fundus See tessellated fundus.
Fig. F11 Diagram of the fundus of the right eyeenlarge picture
Fig. F11 Diagram of the fundus of the right eye
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann


(fŭn'dŭs) [TA]
The bottom or lowest part of a sac or hollow organ; that part farthest removed from the opening or exit.
[L. bottom]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012