Mark the Phonemes in His / Her Repertory Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Plosive p b t [??] Nasal m [??] n Trill B r Tap / Flap [??] r Fricative
[phi] [beta] f v [theta] [??] s z [??] 3 Lateral Fricative
[??] [??] Approximant [??] [??] Lateral Approximant l Bilabial Post Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Plosive t [??] [??] k g q g Nasal [eta] [??] [??] N Trill [??] Tap / Flap [??] Fricative
[??] x [??] [??] Lateral Fricative
Approximant [??] j [??] Lateral Approximant [??] [lambda] L Bilabial Pharyngeal Glottal Plosive [??] 7 Nasal Trill Tap / Flap Fricative
h [??] h h Lateral Fricative
Approximant Lateral Approximant (*) In the table above the sounds/phonemes In green are the target sounds that the child is expected tc articulate.
These words begin with fricatives
within the frequency band 3000Hz to 8000Hz, showing that speech discrimination is influenced by high frequencies and that the whispered voice test should therefore include words with speech sounds in this frequency band in order to make it more sensitive to sloping hearing loss, which is a major characteristic of presbycusis (5).
In all metathesized versions, speakers prefer to pronounce the sequence as fricative
I suggest therefore that sign 26 is related to the bird pictogram found in Sinai 371 and possibly repeated in Sinai 363 and 375a and that it represents the etymological ejective lateral fricative
/[??]/ (see Table 5).
Although there were more boys than girls in the study sample, the girls had better quality of articulation of all groups of examined sounds of Serbian language (vowels, plosives, nasals, laterals, affricates and fricatives
) although the difference between the boys and girls was not statistically significant (p>0.05).
The use of the uvular fricative
(in the last example), finally, seems to be an exception, both in the context of this interview and across the interviews.
The tendency in Zimbabwe is that urbanites have more contact with English than the rural folk, and it is important to determine the extent of the English influence regarding the inter-dental fricatives
on both rural and urban Ndebele mother tongue children.
/1/ In and /t/ in combination with stops fricatives
and affricates make possible clusters at word medial position.