Freud


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Freud

 [froid]
Sigmund (1856–1939). Clinical neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Freiberg in Moravia, and educated at the University of Vienna, he studied in Paris in 1885 under the neurologist J. M. Charcot, who encouraged him to investigate hysteria from a psychologic point of view. Freud stressed the existence of an unconscious that exerts a dynamic influence on consciousness, and was led to develop his method of “free association” in order to discover these buried memories. He emphasized the role of sexuality in the development of neurotic conditions, and published Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), and many more works. He was also director of the International Journal of Psychology. After fleeing the Nazi regime in Vienna in 1938, he died in London.

Freud

(froyd),
Sigmund, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1856-1939, founder of psychoanalysis. See: freudian, freudian fixation, freudian psychoanalysis, freudian slip, Freud theory.

Freud, Sigmund

[froid]
Etymology: Austrian neurologist, 1856-1939
founder of a complex integrated theory of psychological causes of mental disorders, some, such as hysteria, with physical symptoms. Among tenets of freudian theory are that human beings are motivated by a pleasure principle; receive internal stimulation from a sex instinct and a death instinct; have personality structures that can be divided into ego, superego, and id; and have unconscious, preconscious, and conscious levels of mental activity. See also freudian, freudian fixation, freudianism.
References in periodicals archive ?
On April 30, 1884--Walpurgisnacht, or the folkloric night of supposed witchcraft and trafficking with the Devil," Crews tells us, Freud "tasted cocaine powder and imbibed his first .
Caption: Freud (center) at the Third International Psychoanalytic Congress, Weimar, Germany, 1911.
105) both of which she coined to describe her therapeutic experience with Breuer which Breuer and Freud at first called, the 'cathartic cure.
Though acknowledging that Freud only offered a brief non-psychoanalytic account of a "constructive/destructive matriarch/goddess," Scherer characterizes Freud's text as "a pendant to Totem and Taboo (1912-13), in which he develops the idea of a strong male who violently dominates the primal horde" (87).
Anna corresponded regularly with Martha Freud, spent holidays with her, accompanied her on journeys, looked after her and dutifully reported to her father on her condition.
Detectives are said to be looking into the possibility Freud associated with other abusers.
It was the most wonderful place I'd ever been,'' Freud said.
In a letter to the David Cameron, she demanded to know if he had spoken to the peer before giving him "a clean bill of health"and demanded Freud come to Parliament to explain himself.
After they had been close for years, Freud wrote to him that "You have taught me that a bit of truth lurks behind every popular lunacy.
Para proporcionarle corporeidad a estos planteamientos intelectuales, el autor desarrolla a personajes con problemas inmediatos; tal es el caso de Freud que sufre el sangrado bucal y el dolor que lo paraliza, contrapunteandolo con su necesidad de debatir, de sustentar sus ideas y cuestionar las del otro.
A diferencia de Kahlo, Paz se enfoco en las ideas teoricas, en la interpretacion psicoanalitica que Freud hizo de la civilizacion--un proceso marcado por traumas, represiones y ansiedades inconscientes--, y aplico este modelo al analisis de la historia de Mexico.
In The Fractured Self, Altman and Coe have juxtaposed Freud with his key 19th-century German predecessors, whose views in some cases lay the groundwork for Freud's own positions and in other instances provide important contrasts.