triiodothyronine(redirected from Free Triiodothyronine)
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a thyroid hormone that contains iodine and is liberated from thyroglobulin by hydrolysis. It has several times the biologic activity of thyroxine.
free triiodothyronine the fraction of triiodothyronine in the serum that is not bound to a binding protein.
triiodothyronine resin uptake test a thyroid function test, measuring how many sites on thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) are occupied by endogenous triiodothyronine (T3) and how many sites remain available. An excess of radioactive exogenous triiodothyronine is added to the sample, followed by the addition of a resin that also binds T3. A portion of the radioactive T3 binds to sites on TBG not already occupied by endogenous thyroid hormones, and the remainder binds to the resin. The amount of labeled hormones bound to the resin (the triiodothyronine resin uptake) can be subtracted from the total that was added and the remainder is the amount that bound to the unoccupied binding sites on the thyroxine-binding globulin.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
A thyroid hormone, C15H12I3NO4, similar to thyroxine but more potent, used in the treatment of hypothyroidism.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
triiodothyronineT3, 3,5,3´,-´triiodothyronine A hormone formed by removing an iodine ion from the chemical parent thyroxine–T4, which occurs in the liver and kidney; in general, the T3 and T4 serum levels rise and fall together with certain exceptions–eg, T3 thyrotoxicosis, in which T4 and free T4 values are in the normal range; most T3 is not bound to a carrier protein in the circulation ↑ in Hyperthyroidism–T3 thyrotoxicosis, pregnancy, and therapy with clofibrate,–oral contraceptives–progestins, estrogens, methadone, perphenazine ↓ in Euthyroid sick syndrome, ↑ free fatty acids, hypothyroidism, malnutrition, or therapy with corticosteroids, ethionamide, heparin, iodides, lithium, methimazole, phenylbutazone, phenytoin, propranolol, propylthiouracil, reserpine, salicylates, sulfonamides, testosterone, tolbutamide; Pts with T3 thyrotoxicosis are clinically heterogeneous and lack distinctive signs and Sx, comprising 4% of hyperthyroid Pts due to Graves' disease, toxic nodular goiter and thyroid adenomas and a higher percentage of hyperthyroidism in regions with lower levels of iodine Ref value 0.92-2.46 nmol/L; 60-160 ng/dL. See Thyroxine–T4, Thyroxine-binding globulin, TSH.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.