The IDEA's findings state that "[s]ince the enactment and implementation of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, this chapter has been successful in ensuring children with disabilities and the families of such children access to a free appropriate public education
and in improving educational results for children with disabilities." Id.
to ensure that children with disabilities and their parents are guaranteed procedural safeguards with respect to the provision of a free appropriate public education
." (64) These procedural safeguards include those provided under the original EHA, but also include more specific and detailed requirements.
receive a "free appropriate public education
No literature was available regarding child find, least restrictive environment, or free appropriate public education
. Case studies of students identified through child find, as well as strategies used in successfully recruiting students to gifted programming, may yield expanded efforts in other states' recruitment of gifted children.
Johnson, who teaches at Woodrow Wilson Elementary in Colton, embodies what's right and workable about the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), first passed by Congress in 1975 to ensure a "free appropriate public education
" matched to the needs of children with disabilities.
Now the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education has headed in that direction too, writing, "The current system often places process above results, and bureaucratic compliance above student achievement, excellence, and outcomes." Nevertheless, the commission maintained, "The law must retain the legal and procedural safeguards necessary to guarantee a 'free appropriate public education
' to children with disabilities." The challenge is to retain the legal rights and simultaneously move toward a different kind of accountability.
a free appropriate public education
which emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs;
The law has since been renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, but its most basic mandate has not changed: that states provide a "free appropriate public education
," or FAPE, individually tailored to each disabled child's needs.
Only in 1975, with the passage of Public Law 94-142, were all children with "handicaps" (to use the word of that time) assured of a free appropriate public education
Critical to substantive analysis of IDEA is the concept of "free appropriate public education
." IDEA guarantees a free appropriate education to qualified students.
In this case, lower-court rulings created a right to "free appropriate public education
," which was later enacted into law by a Congress "influenced and instructed by these decisions" (p.
In order for the state to meet the mainstreaming and the least restrictive environment requirements in providing a free appropriate public education
, a child with disabilities must be educated with nondisabled children to the greatest extent appropriate for her learning capabilities.