Franz Anton Mesmer


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An Austrian physician (1734-1815) who lived in France and developed the pseudoscientific doctrine of animal magnetism, a form of hypnosis. Mesmer’s theories and methods were discredited by the medical practitioners of his time.

Mesmer,

Franz Anton, Austrian physician, 1733-1815.
mesmeric crisis - reaction technique. Synonym(s): grand crisis; magnetic crisis
mesmerism - the use of hypnotism as practiced by Mesmer.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a chronologically ambitious essay, Heinz Schott illustrates that the imagination and even magnetic qualities in Paracelsus prefigured the "animal magnetism" described by the nineteenth-century figure Franz Anton Mesmer. Schott argues that magnetism was "a vector for imagination" in Paracelsianism.
Franz Anton Mesmer presented 27 propositions about animal magnetism in his Memoire sur Ia Decouverte du Magnetisme Animal, published in 1779.
They also articulated beliefs about patterns of energy of a spiritualizing sort -- the very refined forms of matter called "tides" in Franz Anton Mesmer's animal magnetism, the "vital force" in homeopathy, the "Innate" running down the spine in chiropractic, the divine Supply permeating, like a fountain flow, the human world for New Thought people, the subtle energy of the aura for contemporary metaphysical or psychic healers.
In the late eighteenth century, Franz Anton Mesmer used bar magnets and hypnotic "animal magnetism" (mesmerization) to treat patients.
In 1774 the German physician and mystic Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) began to apply science to this by waving magnets over his patients, and effecting cures in some cases.