Francisella tularensis

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Related to Francisella tularensis: Pasteurella multocida

Fran·ci·sel·la tu·la·ren·sis

a bacterial species that causes tularemia in humans, transmitted from wild animals by bloodsucking insects or by contact with infected animals (for example, ticks); main sources of infection are rabbits and ticks; it can penetrate unbroken skin to cause infection, and if inhaled can cause a rapidly fatal pneumonia; type species of the genus Francisella.

Fran·ci·sel·la tu·la·ren·sis

(fran-si-sel'lă tū-lă-ren'sis)
A bacterial species that causes tularemia in humans, transmitted to them from wild animals by bloodsucking insects or by contact with infected animals such as rabbits and ticks; it can penetrate unbroken skin to cause infection. It is the type species of the genus Francisella.


Louis, French chemist and bacteriologist, 1822-1895.
Pasteurella aerogenes - species found in swine that can cause human wound infections following a pig bit.
Pasteurella multocida - bacterial species associated with dogs and cats.
Pasteurella pestis - Synonym(s): Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Pasteurella "SP" - a rarely encountered organism that can cause infection after a guinea pig bite
Pasteurella tularensis - Synonym(s): Francisella tularensis
Pasteur effect - the inhibition of fermentation by oxygen, first observed by Pasteur.
Pasteur pipette - a cotton-plugged, glass tube drawn out to a fine tip, used for the sterile transfer of small volumes of fluid.
Pasteur vaccine
pasteurellosis - infection with bacteria of Pasteurella.
pasteurization - bacteria destruction process.
pasteurizer - pasteurization apparatus.


a genus of very small gram-negative bacteria.

Francisella tularensis
biotype A (F. tularensis biovar tularensis) is the etiological agent of tularemia; biotype B (F. tularensis biovar holarctica (palaearctica)) is less virulent. Formerly called Pasteurella tularensis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mice vaccinated with the O-antigen of Francisella tularensis LVS lipopolysaccharide conjugated to bovine serum albumin develop varying degrees of protective immunity against systemic or aerosol challenge with virulent type A and type B strains of the pathogen.
The PCR test targeting the tul4 gene which is common in Francisella tularensis species was found positive in all isolates investigated in this study (Figure 1).
The report reviews key players involved in the therapeutics development for Francisella Tularensis Infections and enlists all their major and minor projects
Coverage of the Francisella Tularensis Infections pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
Francisella tularensi s is a pathogenic species of Gram-negative bacteria and the causative agent of tularemia or rabbit fever.
Francisella tularensis type A strains cause the rapid encystment of Acanthamoeba castellanii and survive in amoebal cysts for three weeks postinfection.
The CDC also has identified an "A" list of biological agents of highest concern, which includes (a) variola major (smallpox), (b) Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), (c) Yersinia pestis (plague), (d) Francisella tularensis (tularemia), (e) botulinum toxin (botulism), and (f) filoviruses and arenaviruses (viral hemorrhagic fevers).
caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis, transmitted to humans by insects or the handling of infected animals.
Tularaemia is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium francisella tularensis that is related to the organism that causes plague.
In vitro antibiotic susceptibility of Francisella tularensis isolated from humans and animals.
I was not disappointed and gleaned an understanding and respect for the dangers surrounding this small aerobic, gram-negative coccobacillus known as francisella tularensis.