Four Humours


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Related to Four Humours: Four Temperaments, humoral theory

Four Humours

Fringe medicine
The four major fluids in the body—yellow bile, phlegm, black bile and blood—which the Greeks believed corresponded to the four elements—fire, water, earth and air—in the universe. Now of historic interest, the Four Humours may be evoked or listed as part of a non-mainstream therapeutic philosophy or system that is not founded on currently accepted scientific principles.
References in periodicals archive ?
THE THEORY OF THE FOUR HUMOURS: Greek thinkers emphasized the idea of balance in all things, including medicine.
The four humours are blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
The works of these three men are filled with references to the standard beliefs of the day, that the body was a combination of four humours and that an imbalance in any one would cause either physical or mental illness.
At the time, medicine was based on the ancient Greek idea that health was a reflection of the balance between the four humours, namely black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood.
But before they can sample such delights they must take advice from the doctor on balancing their four humours. Viewers discover whether the intrepid duo are: phlegmatic (sluggish and dull); melancholic (sad); choleric (badtempered); or sanguine (sexy and laid-back).
45 Complete this list of the traditional "four humours" theory of human temperament: choleric, sanguine, melancholic and...?
The Four Humours, the latest collaboration between Barnett and Wolken--they are the only artistic directors who continue to work together--was included in the same evening as their 2000 work Davenen, set to music by Frank London as played by the Klezmatics.
The coverage takes in almost fifty private presses from many parts of Canada -- for example, the Barbarian Press from Mission, British Columbia, the Castle Paper and Press from Calgary, Editions du Silence from Montreal, The Four Humours Press from Winnipeg, and so on.
Basically, doctors or theologians concerned with disease believed that any illness could be imputed to one of two causes: either unsound functioning of the four humours in the body (blood, phlegm, choler, and black bile), or demonic possession.
It is based on the concepts of the four humours: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (afra) and Black bile (Sauda).
In his adaptation of the standard treatise for princes, Secreta Secretorum, Bacon saw the health of the realm and of the king as residing in the attainment of a balance of the four humours. In Henry's case this involved redressing his watery, phlegmatic imbalance through stoic counsel and increasing his body's dryness and heat, choler and blood, through bloodletting and the intake of fiery substances such as distilled alcohol.