Four Humours


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Four Humours: Four Temperaments, humoral theory

Four Humours

Fringe medicine
The four major fluids in the body—yellow bile, phlegm, black bile and blood—which the Greeks believed corresponded to the four elements—fire, water, earth and air—in the universe. Now of historic interest, the Four Humours may be evoked or listed as part of a non-mainstream therapeutic philosophy or system that is not founded on currently accepted scientific principles.
References in periodicals archive ?
He maintained that blood permeated the septum between left and right ventricle and persisted in the Hippocratic misconception that the body's fluids were composed of an equilibrium of four humours (black bile, yellow bile, blood, and phlegm) and the rationale of medicine was to restore any disease-causing imbalance.
The four humours are blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
At the time, medicine was based on the ancient Greek idea that health was a reflection of the balance between the four humours, namely black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood.
But before they can sample such delights they must take advice from the doctor on balancing their four humours.
The Four Humours, the latest collaboration between Barnett and Wolken--they are the only artistic directors who continue to work together--was included in the same evening as their 2000 work Davenen, set to music by Frank London as played by the Klezmatics.
The coverage takes in almost fifty private presses from many parts of Canada -- for example, the Barbarian Press from Mission, British Columbia, the Castle Paper and Press from Calgary, Editions du Silence from Montreal, The Four Humours Press from Winnipeg, and so on.
Basically, doctors or theologians concerned with disease believed that any illness could be imputed to one of two causes: either unsound functioning of the four humours in the body (blood, phlegm, choler, and black bile), or demonic possession.
Approaching its subject cautiously, the book leaves one with the impression that no-one, in diagnosis, looked further than afflictions caused by the four humours and/or demonic possession.
Unani medicine is based on the concepts of the four humours built on the basic Hippocratic theory, which formed the basics of modern medicine till the ?
In his adaptation of the standard treatise for princes, Secreta Secretorum, Bacon saw the health of the realm and of the king as residing in the attainment of a balance of the four humours.