In the 16th century there were traditions of foot binding
which remained persisted till 19th century.
- Young Chinese girls, aged between four and five, go through the process of foot binding
in order to prevent growing of the foot.
Farrel said she began the project in 2004, spending years taking photos of old Chinese women who underwent the ancient, but now extinct, tradition of foot binding
when they were young girls.
At the extreme, this comes in the form of female genital mutilation, burkas and niqabs, purdah, foot binding
And while the show will feature shoes worn by or associated with famous icons including David Beckham, Sarah Jessica Parker, The Honorable Daphne Guinness, Queen Victoria and Kylie Minogue, it will also explore extreme footwear such as tiny 19th century lotus shoes made for the Chinese tradition of foot binding
Reforms included eliminating the practice of foot binding
, which had crippled women for over a thousand years, and implementing the policy of equal pay for equal work for men and women.
The oft-cited practice of foot binding
shaped the female foot into a form that both pragmatically and symbolically signified her functional disqualification from labor.
However, Jung got an idea that she was not so enslaved to the past when she was researching the practice of foot binding
for Wild Swans, the barbaric and deliberate malforming of girls' feet which her own grandmother had had to endure.
Volunteering in Hong Kong would also give me the opportunity to treat patients with certain conditions that I would not see here in the UK, such as Leprosy and Chinese foot binding
, therefore increasing my podiatric knowledge.
One such custom is foot binding
. In China, foot binding
was a common practice for women from the 10th century onward, and did not fully end until the mid-1900s.
Indeed, as Appiah tells it, the sense of honor has driven some of the world's most important moral revolutions, including the abolition of slavery in the United Kingdom and the end of female foot binding