Several species have been described such as Fonsecaea pedrosoi
, Phialophora compacta, Phialophora verrucosa, Cladosporium carrionii.
Rozental, "Effects of tricyclazole (5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol[3,4] benzothiazole), a specific DHN-melanin inhibitor, on the morphology of Fonsecaea pedrosoi
conidia and sclerotic cells," Microscopy Research and Technique, vol.
caused chromoblastomycosis in the state of Maranhao, I.
It is most commonly caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi
, Cladophialophora carrionii and Phialophora verrucosa.(1) The disease is characterised by the presence of sclerotic bodies in the tissue.
(26) described the effect of nelfinavir and saquinavir against the dematious fungus Fonsecaea pedrosoi
and confirmed that these compounds alone were unable to inhibit the growth of this fungus.
Antifungal activity was demonstrated as growth inhibition of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans or Fonsecaea pedrosoi
. Antiviral action was only seen with the crude extract and fraction II.
Chromoblastomycosis is caused by several genera of dematiaceous (melanin pigmented) fungi: Phialophora verrucosa, Fonsecaea pedrosoi
(F.compactum, Exophiala jeanselmei, E.spinifera), Wangiella dermatitidis, Rhinocladiella aquaspersa, Cladosporium carrionii, and Rhytidhysteron spp.
89),90) Intelectin, 91) a galactofuranose-binding lectin, also seems to participate in the recognition of many pathogenic fungi, such as Aspergillus fumigatus, 92) Trichophyton rubrum, 93) Malassezia furfur, 94) and Fonsecaea pedrosoi
, 95) all of which have been found to contain galactofuranose units in their cell wall polysaccharides.
Molecular epidemiology of Fonsecaea pedrosoi
using mitochondrial DNA analysis.