focal seizure

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Related to Focal seizures: status epilepticus

seizure

 [se´zhur]
1. the sudden attack or recurrence of a disease.
2. a convulsion or attack of epilepsy.
absence seizure the seizure seen in petit mal epilepsy, marked by a momentary break in the stream of thought and activity, accompanied by a symmetrical spike and wave at 3 cycles per second on the electroencephalogram. Called also petit malseizure. See epilepsy.
atonic seizure an absence seizure characterized by sudden loss of muscle tone.
complex partial seizure see partial seizure.
febrile seizure febrile convulsion.
focal seizure partial seizure.
focal motor seizure a simple partial seizure consisting of clonus or spasm of a muscle or muscle group, occurring either singly or in a continuous repetitive series.
generalized tonic-clonic seizure (grand mal seizure) the seizure seen in grand mal epilepsy, marked by loss of consciousness and generalized tonic convulsions followed by clonic convulsions. See epilepsy.
jackknife s's infantile spasms.
myoclonic seizure one characterized by a brief episode of myoclonus.
partial seizure any seizure due to a lesion in a specific, known area of the cerebral cortex; symptoms vary with different lesion locations. A simple partial seizure is the most localized type, with a discharge that is predominantly one-sided or presents localized features without loss of consciousness. A complex partial seizure is associated with disease of the temporal lobe and characterized by varying degrees of impairment of consciousness. See epilepsy.
petit mal seizure absence seizure.
reflex seizure (sensory seizure) an epileptic seizure in response to a sensory stimulus, which may be tactile, visual, auditory, or musical.
simple partial seizure see partial seizure.
tonic-clonic seizure see generalized tonic-clonic seizure.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

focal seizure

n.
A seizure that originates from a localized area of the cerebral cortex, involves neurologic symptoms specific to the affected area of the brain, and may progress to a generalized seizure. Also called partial seizure.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They had video-EEG recordings due to their antiepileptic drug resistant focal seizures. The mean age was 32[+ or -]4.06 years.
However it is an established but underdiagnosed and potentially preventable sequelae of prolonged status epilepticus in children younger than 4 years of age.2 We present the case of a 3-year-old boy with developmental delay and epilepsy who developed hemiplegia after prolonged focal seizures.
A Your husband's symptoms sound like a type of seizure called a focal seizure. Stroke is a risk factor for seizures in older adults because a stroke leaves behind an area of scar tissue in the brain.
Children with focal seizures had 12.8% more NCC compared to those with GTCS but the result was statistically not significant (p = 0.201).
Initial EEG on his second hospital day showed focal seizures emanating from the left frontal region (Figure 1(a)) and he was started on oral levetiracetam (loading dose of 1 gram followed by 750 mg PO twice daily thereafter).
Her seizure semiology ranged from focal seizures to generalized tonic-clonic seizures.
Its differential diagnosis with myoclonic seizures and focal seizures is important.
Focal seizures are divided into simple and dyscognitive, with the latter resulting in the alteration of consciousness.
In the first few years of life, the most typical presentation of TSC is likely to be with seizures, in particular focal seizures and infantile (epileptic) spasms, often with an onset in the first 12 months of life.
Even though carbamazepine has many tolerability issues, it is considered as gold standard first-line drug to treat focal seizures since many years.

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