fluid replacement

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fluid replacement

Administration of liquids to a patient by any route to correct volume and electrolyte deficits. The deficit may be physiological, as when a ballplayer sweats excessively without rehydrating on a hot day. It may be pathological, as in traumatic or septic shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome, severe vomiting or diarrhea or both. It may be metabolic, as in diabetic ketosis or adrenal insufficiency. See: intravenous infusion for illus; central venous catheter; central line; intravenous infusion; oral rehydration therapy; solution

The goal of fluid replacement is to correct electrolyte, fluid, and acid-base imbalances. The oral route of replacement is used if possible. The intravenous, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous routes are also used, with the intravenous route being used most frequently. Fluids may be isotonic, hypotonic, or hypertonic; may contain certain crystalloids (e.g., sodium, potassium, chloride, or calcium); or may contain osmotically active substances (e.g., glucose, protein, starch, or a synthetic plasma volume expander such as dextran or hetastarch). The composition, rate of administration, and route depend on the clinical condition being treated.


A critically ill patient receiving fluid replacement should be monitored frequently to be certain that fluid overload is prevented and that the solution is flowing and not extravasating. This is esp. important in treating infants, small children, and the elderly.
References in periodicals archive ?
In light of the recurrent use of HES and poor awareness of optimal fluid replacement therapy in Turkey, the aims of this review were to examine the evidence on the use of HES in fluid resuscitation, to discuss safety data and adverse effects, such as increased AKI and mortality, and to place these data in context with recent guidelines and updates from scientific and regulatory bodies.
wt., Flunixin meglumine @ 2.2 kg, Chloropeniramine maleate @ 0.5 mg/kg along with fluid replacement therapy for seven days (Constable et al., 2017).
There are about 10 key human albumin products from blood plasma manufacturers that meet the therapeutic use of human albumin in fluid replacement therapy. However, the share of albumin in the blood plasma market has decreased from almost 40 percent in the 1980s to 10 percent in 2015.
Harris said fluid replacement therapy remained a basic step in supporting good treatment.
Nurses need to understand the physiological mechanisms underlying fluid replacement therapy and the movement of water in the body.
Nova-Tech, Inc., an aseptic fill manufacturer, produces a line of animal health pharmaceutical products known as Large Volume Parenterals, which are administered by veterinarians to animals intravenously for fluid replacement therapy. Nova-Tech began its search for an ERP software solution that fit its growing business needs.
We report a neonate with hyponatremia, severe dehydration and refractory life threatening hyperkalemia who was treated with dietary sodium chloride supplementation, potassium binding resins and fluid replacement therapy which proved to be lifesaving.
Overall, fluids with an osmolarity close to 300-320 mOsm/L, such as Normosol-R, Plasmalyte-R, Plasmalyte-A, and NaCl 0.9%, can be recommended in parrots for fluid replacement therapy when isotonic fluids are required.
Physiological solution is the mainstay of fluid replacement therapy that is widely used in medicine in prevention or treatment of dehydration or as an intravenous therapy to prevent hypovolemic shock.
All received routine care, including fluid replacement therapy and nutritional management of diarrhea.
The potential for increased water loss resulting in hypernatremia may occur when the blood glucose is [is less than] 500 mg/dL, thus indicating the necessity to use 0.45% NaCl for fluid replacement therapy (Karam, 1998).