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Marie Jean Pierre, French physiologist, 1794-1867. See: Flourens theory.
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References in classic literature ?
Flourens, in consequence of the rabbits, cats, and guinea-pigs they have killed?
Lo comprobo correctamente por medio de experimentos realizados en animales de diversas especies en presencia de cientificos como Flourens, Magendie, Claude Bernard y la Academia de Ciencia de Paris, y con ello refuto a Galeno.
Some wellknown nineteenth-century practitioners active in France include Julien Legallois (1770-1814), Pierre-Hubert Nysten (1771-1818), Guillaume Dupuytren (1777-1835), Nicola Blondlot (1808-1877), Achille Longet (1811-1871), Francois Magendie (1783-1855), Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867), Claude Bernard (1813-1878), Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Paul Bert (1833-1886) and the Russian-French Elias von Cyon (1843-1912).
Some experimental studies spoke in favour of the localization theory; others such as the results of the biologist Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867) performed on rabbits and pigeons were compatible with a global representation of cognitive functions distributed over the whole cortex [3].
Rapidamente, este planteamiento es controvertido, no solo por el pobre sustento cientifico, como por la postura filosofico-religiosa que se oponia al supuesto reduccionismo materialista de concebir la mente como algo completamente biologico, postura basada en los experimentos realizados con animales por el frances Pierre Flourens, en 1820, y expresados en la teoria del campo agregado del encefalo.
Other passages from his text make this impression clear, when he mentions for example the differences between the many species of palm trees, "as seen in the work of Spix and Martius" Or still further, in suggesting that the teacher of landscape painting have some knowledge of botany, geology and meteorology, "because Lineu, Cuvier, Humboldt, Tournefort and Flourens teach us to paint, as do anatomists, mathematicians, poets, philosophers, physicists and physiologists".
In 1824 French physiologist Marie Jean Pierre Flourens was the first to theorize that an injured nerve could be bypassed, "joining the superior end of one nerve with the inferior end of the other and visa versa." (3-4)