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Related to Florentine Republic: Niccolo Machiavelli


Albert, French physician, 1851-1927. See: Florence crystals.
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Two years after Lorenzo's death in 1492, his politically inept son Piero was overthrown and the Florentine Republic restored.
Each article makes an important contribution, but of particular note are Andrea Zorzi's reconceptualization of conflict in late medieval Italy as not necessarily opposed to social order; Samuel Cohn's examination of the plague of 1575-78 as an example of how specific external events rapidly shifted the production and scope of ideas; Massimo Rospocher's investigation of propaganda and the public sphere during the latter fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Bologna, Venice, and France; and Gabriella Battista's description of the Rinieri family across the late Florentine republic and early principate, with particular emphasis on the fifteenth century.
As implied by the title, the Lorenzo and Florence presented by Unger embody the dichotomy of beauty and brutality: "The fiercely competitive atmosphere of the Florentine Republic accounted for both its cruelty and its genius" (326).
The lawyers say that Florence City Council, which was created when the city was part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, cannot be considered the "descendant" of the Florentine Republic, which existed when Michelangelo carved the statue.
To those ends, Bernard provides a lucid text with broad appeal that informs the reader about the historical context surrounding Machiavelli's life and writings--his fourteen year tenure within the Florentine Republic from 1498-1512 and his life after politics (Chapter 1); Machiavelli's job as Secretary of the Second Chancery, along with his musings ("metadiscourses" [xii]) on his own political role (Chapter 2); and Machiavelli's political philosophy, with particular focus on The Prince, the Discourses, and the Florentine Histories (Chapter 3).
The remainder of the primary sources is related vernacular texts: Giovanni Andrea's uisione, fifteenth-century acts and letters of the Florentine republic, and seventeenth-century letters requesting the canonization, several previously unedited.
JOHANNES ACUTUS EQUES BRITANNICUS DUX AETATIS SUAE CAUTISSIMUS ET REI MILITARIS PERITISSIMUS HABITUS EST (John Hawkwood the British Knight, who was regarded as the most prudent commander of his age, and the most experienced in military affairs.) Yet this fine figure was also one of the most ruthless mercenaries of his day, and not always a loyal servant of the Florentine republic. Before he entered her service in 1380, he had fought for all her enemies and extorted thousands of florins from her exchequer.
As an additional methodological framework for the study, Kennedy's introduction calls upon the Freudian idea of the totem as a unifying principle around which group identity might be forged, arguing, for instance, that Petrarch's writings substitute for the ambivalent image of the Florentine republic (which had exiled his father) as the totemic figure of classical Rome.
Marching under a banner depicting a coiled serpent holding a lifeless man in its jaws, it was the army of Giangaleazzo Visconti, the ruthless, cunning, and ambitious Duke of Milan, come to the region of Tuscany to put an end to the Florentine Republic once and for all.
The canal became a reality in the 15th century during the reign of Cosimo the First, a Medici, between 1541 and 1575, when the two cities were under the first Florentine Republic domination.
Six other portraits from the later Renaissance, several including depictions of children, represent women in the years just before and after the Medicis transformed the Florentine Republic into a duchy.
Machiavelli served the Florentine republic loyally.