The great victory of the AMA, however, came with the wildly influential Flexner Report
. The report, entitled Medical Education in the United States and Canada, was written by educator Abraham Flexner and sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation in 1910.
The Flexner Report
of 1910 compiled by Alexander Flexner under the aegis of Carnegie Foundation transformed the nature and process of medical education in America.
American medical education 100 years after the Flexner report
. N Engl J Med.
In a review of the relevant literature, this book shows the changes and reforms in medical education curricula in the 20th and 21st centuries, from the influential Flexner Report
in 1910, to conferences on teaching social sciences in medical school in central countries and then in Latin America, with seminars held in Vina del Mar and Tehuacan (in the 1950s), as well as the Brazilian Health Reform and the ideological construct of collective health.
Today, more than 100 years after the Flexner report
generated major improvements in US and Canadian medical schools, the general format of medical student education remains more or less the same.
Many aspects of the present-day American Medical Profession stem from the Flexner Report
and its aftermath.
For example, Cayleff claims that eclectic medicine "flourished into the twentieth century" until derailed by the Flexner Report
However, just as the authors of the Flexner report
attempted to do, skeptics have persisted in the AMA and elsewhere disputing the effectiveness of homeopathy.
The Flexner report
was massively influential, leading to dramatic changes in medical education (Cooke, Irby, Sullivan, & Ludmerer, 2006).
Continuing, he said, that it was in 1910 that Flexner Report
was made public.
A national conversation about the fundamental structure and function of the graduate medical education system is long overdue, not unlike the discussion that reformed undergraduate medical education after the Flexner Report
. The high burden of depressive symptoms among residents and interns has reached a crisis level.
They made a lasting mark on medicine by collectively creating an intellectual template for the institution-based system of medical education, which was developed in full after the publication of the Flexner Report
in the US in 1910 (2).