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1. One of the thin, horny, translucent plates covering the dorsal surface of the distal end of each terminal phalanx of fingers and toes. A nail consists of corpus or body, the visible part, and radix or root at the proximal end concealed under a fold of skin. The underpart of the nail is formed from the stratum germinativum of the epidermis, the free surface from the stratum lucidum, and the thin cuticular fold overlapping the lunula representing the stratum corneum. Synonym(s): unguis [TA], nail plate, onyx
2. A rod of metal or other solid substance, used in operations to fasten together the fragments of a broken bone.
[A.S. naegel]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


The thin, horny, transparent plate covering the upper surface of the end of a finger.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Patient discussion about fingernail

Q. what causes ridges in fingernails center of nail is splitting down the middle toward the nail bed.

A. Vertical ridges that appear on the nail can indicate disorders as simple as iron deficiency, poor absorption of vitamins and nutrients, overall poor health or they could indicate something as serious as kidney trouble.
it might be wise to get a blood test.

Q. Anyone know why it hurts so much when you smash one of your finger nails?

A. two years ago i closed by accident the door of my car. my thumb was then blocked several seconds before i could liberate myself. it did hurt a lot that i could not sleep anymore. case of emergency. so at the hospital, they took a needle above a flame and then they pierced two holes in the middle of my right thumb nail to let out the pressure of the blood and cell-water who was stuck and which gives the pain. nerves plus body-liquid hurt then a lot. i had to return several times again to the emergency because the holes were closed again, i received heavy drugs to have no pain and lost at least my nail. today you see absolutelly nothing anymore!

More discussions about fingernail
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References in periodicals archive ?
The ClipDifferent automatic fingernail clipper can be purchased directly at
Your fingernails have become ridged and bumpy and you've been losing your hair, developing patchy, bald areas.
If the ingrown fingernail is caused by a fungus (this is often the case if you have chronic ingrown fingernails), your doctor can determine this and offer treatment options to you.
The 82-year-old had been growing his left hand's fingernails since 1952, when he was 14.
He said that his last wish was for him to get compensation with his cut nail exhibit since he was not able to earn much with his long fingernails.
He had made it to the Guinness Book of World Records in 2016 for having the 'Longest Fingernails on a Single Hand Ever'.
And with every hurdle, the fingernail paint came on.
Fungus infections of the fingernails can also turn the nails brown or yellow.
In our study, onychomycosis was more frequently observed in fingernails (60%), followed by toenails (36%) which is consistent with a study from India.24 Toenail infection (66.6%) was commoner in males, while fingernail infection (60%) was common in females.
| Lee Redmond, who had |the longest fingernails ever with a length of 28ft 4.5in The world's longest fingernails, claimed by Lee Redmond from the USA, were up to a metre long each until a car accident in 2009 when she lost all 10 nails.