selective reduction

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se·lec·tive re·duc·tion

a technique for intrauterine termination of one or more fetuses while leaving one or more fetuses undisturbed, usually in pregnancies with fetal anomalies or with multiple gestations.
Synonym(s): selective termination (1)

selective reduction

Obstetrics Selective termination of pregnancy, see there.

selective reduction

1. In radiography, the reduction of exposed silver halide crystals to black metallic silver, creating a visible image.
2. In oncology, killing or destroying tumor cells or their products with relatively little damage to healthy cells.
See also: reduction

Selective reduction

Typically referred to in cases of multi-fetal pregnancy, when one or more fetuses are aborted to preserve the viability of the remaining fetuses and decrease health risks to the mother.
Mentioned in: Abortion, Selective
References in periodicals archive ?
The study showed that selective fetal reduction did result in better birth weight and less risk of preterm birth, without increased pregnancy loss, except perhaps when twins were reduced to singletons.
"As for multiple pregnancies, it is said by some who argue for fetal reduction that these cannot come to term all at once, either due to the spontaneous death of the embryos in the uterus, or due to premature birth of the fetuses without hope of life.
Compared with outcomes in all other pregnancies, fetal reduction was associated with an increased risk for slowed fetal growth (less than 90 g per week) between 20 and 28 weeks' gestation and for birth before 32 weeks.
In this study, fetal reduction had no significant impact on the features of the remaining placentas, according to the investigators.
CHICAGO -- Difficult decisions about selective fetal reduction and invasive genetic testing often go hand in hand during the early weeks of a higher-order multiples gestation, Dr.
These women had a 0.42 odds ratio for miscarriage following selective fetal reduction.
However, there are still large variations between countries in the availability and quality of assisted reproductive technology, resulting in problems like multiple births, ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, and the need for fetal reductions in developing countries and in countries where the technology is too expensive for patients.