hydrops fetalis

(redirected from Fetal origin)

hydrops

 [hi´drops] (L.)
old term for edema. adj., adj hydrop´ic.
fetal hydrops (hydrops feta´lis) gross edema of the entire body of the newborn infant, in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hydrops fetalis

Kernicterus, Rh incompatibility, Rh-induced hemolytic disease of newborn Obstetrics An accumulation of fluid in neonates, resulting in a 'puffy', plethoric or hydropic appearance that may be due to various etiologies Clinical Ascites, edema, ↓ protein or chronic intrauterine anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, cardiomegaly, extramedullary hematopoiesis, jaundice, pallor COD Heart failure. See Hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Hydrops Fetalis, causes
Immune Mother produces IgG antibodies against infant antigen(s), often an RBC antigen, most commonly, anti-RhD, which then passes into the fetal circulation, causing hemolysis
Non-immune Hydrops may result from various etiologies including
•  Fetal origin, eg congenital heart disease (premature foramen ovale closure, large AV septal defect), hematologic (erythroblastosis fetalis, α-thalassemia due to hemoglobin Barts, chronic fetomaternal or twin-twin transfusion), infection (CMV, herpesvirus, rubella, sepsis, toxoplasma), pulmonary (cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, with pulmonary hypoplasia, lymphangiectasia), renal (vein thrombosis, congenital nephrosis) and teratomas, skeletal malformations (achondroplasia, osteogenesis imperfecta, fetal neuroblastomatosis, storage disease, meconium peritonitis, idiopathic)
•  Placental Chorangioma, umbilical or chorionic vein thrombosis
 Maternal DM, toxemia  
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

fe·tal hy·drops

, hydrops fetalis (fē'tăl hī'drops, fē-tā'lis)
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the fetal tissues, as in erythroblastosis fetalis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hydrops fetalis

The most severe form of HAEMOLYTIC DISEASE OF THE NEWBORN. The fetus dies in the womb from the overwhelming toxic effect of the BILIRUBIN released during excessive breakdown of red blood cells. See also RHESUS FACTOR.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Hydrops fetalis

A condition in which a fetus or newborn baby accumulates fluids, causing swollen arms and legs and impaired breathing.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although neurotrophins may originate from several origins, like maternal, placental, or fetal compartments, there is evidence that BDNF in second trimester amniotic fluid is mainly of fetal origin [29].
Finally, from the perspective of developmental origins of health and disease, also called fetal origin and programming hypothesis,[52] long-term investigation from fetal stage to adulthood is needed to determine the disease spectrum mediated by autoantibodies.
All 12 cases (4 in each series) involved posterior communicating artery aneurysms that incorporated a fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA).
Hofbauer cells are of fetal origin, and they first appear in the chorionic villi at the 10th to 18th days of gestation.
A simpler route to obtaining fetal DNA became apparent in 1997 when research was published indicating that cell-free circulating DNA of fetal origin had been detected in maternal peripheral blood.
Vascular connections of the fetal origin usually connect the main placental mass to the succenturiate lobe.
Dystocia may be of maternal or fetal origin and fetal cause's accounts for 40.84% in Murrah buffalo (Srinivas et al.
Also Franz (1964) considered a large calf as a predominant cause of torsion and suggested that uterine torsion in cows is ultimately of fetal origin, as it tended to be associated with oversized male fetuses.
The analysis of circulating RNA of fetal origin as a biomarker for preeclampsia has already been suggested (5).
Lo et al (8), (15) found that a variable amount (3.4-6.2%) of free DNA in maternal plasma was of fetal origin, and thus potentially suitable for NI-PND.