On the basis of this information, and in coordination with the National Taskforce on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect
(NTFFAS/FAE), other federally funded FAS programs, and nongovernment organizations concerned with FAS, CDC formed a scientific working group (SWG) of persons with expertise in research and clinical practice regarding prenatal exposure to alcohol to develop diagnostic guidelines for FAS.
Miller says it suggests that similar developmental defects in the brains of human fetuses probably underlie the symptoms in children with fetal alcohol effects
. Researchers agree that heavy drinking should be avoided during pregnancy, when fetuses have precise developmental schedules to stick to.
In a long-term study of 415 patients born with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effects
The IHS case file consisted of patients in whom FAS was diagnosed or who were designated as having fetal alcohol effects
(FAE) by a physician during 1985-1992.
(3) Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder includes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), fetal alcohol effects
(FAE), alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD), and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) (for a review, see Sampson et al.
KEY WORDS: Ethanol metabolism; ethanol clearance; pregnancy; maternal alcohol exposure; fetal alcohol effects
; fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD); alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD); nutrition; total enteral nutrition (TEN); maternal nutrition; genetic factors
KEY WORDS: prenatal alcohol exposure; neuroimaging; neurotoxicity; fetal alcohol effects
; brain damage; cognitive development; AODR (alcohol and other drug related) behavioral problem; prevention strategy; drug therapy; CNS function; cell adhesion molecules; mitochondria
The terms applied to these children vary depending on the severity of the deficits; they include fetal alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol effects
, alcohol-related birth defects, and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder.
Final Report: Understanding the Occurrence of Secondary Disabilities in Clients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects
Nonetheless, these often undiagnosed children may still experience serious fetal alcohol effects
(FAE), including alcohol-induced mental impairments (i.e., alcohol-related neurodevelopment disorder) or alcohol-related abnormalities of the skeleton and certain organ systems (i.e., alcohol-related birth defects).