phenobarbital

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Related to Fenobarbital: diazepam, phenobarbital

phenobarbital

 [fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal]
a long-acting barbiturate used as the base or the sodium salt as an anticonvulsant, sedative, and hypnotic.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bar'bi-tahl),
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic; also available as a soluble sodium salt; also used in therapeutic management of epilepsy and induction of hepatic microsomal enzymes.

phenobarbital

/phe·no·bar·bi·tal/ (fe″no-bahr´bĭ-tal) a long-acting barbiturate, used as the base or sodium salt as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant.

phenobarbital

(fē′nō-bär′bĭ-tôl′, -tăl′)
n.
A long-acting barbiturate, C12H12N2O3, used medicinally as a sedative, hypnotic, and anticonvulsant, sometimes in the form of its sodium salt.

phenobarbital

[fē′nəbär′bital]
a barbiturate anticonvulsant and sedative-hypnotic. Also called sodium phenobarbital.
indications It is prescribed in the treatment of seizure disorders and as a long-acting sedative.
contraindications Porphyria, severe pain, respiratory problems, or known hypersensitivity to this drug or other barbiturates prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the most serious adverse reactions are ataxia, porphyria, paradoxic excitement, drowsiness, occasional rashes, and, rarely, blood dyscrasias. It is involved in many drug interactions.

phenobarbital

Neurology A long-acting barbiturate used as a hypnotic, sedative, hepatic enzyme inducer, anticonvulsant, given as a monotherapy for partial seizures, 2º generalized seizures; also used to treat diarrhea and to ↑ the antitumor effect of other therapies. See Seizures, Therapeutic drug.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(Pb, PB) (fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.
Synonym(s): phenylethylbarbituric acid, phenylethylmalonylurea.

phe·no·bar·bi·tal

(fē'nō-bahr'bi-tahl)
A long-acting oral or parenteral sedative, anticonvulsant, and hypnotic.

phenobarbital, phenobarbitone

a hypnotic, anticonvulsant and sedative.

Patient discussion about phenobarbital

Q. What are the Brands of Sodium-phenobarbitone drug in Bangladesh?

A. maybe this link will help-
http://www.medindia.net/doctors/drug_information/phenobarbitone.htm

if not- i recommend asking an Indian pharmacist..

More discussions about phenobarbital
References in periodicals archive ?
Barbeksaklon fenobarbital kadar etkili ve daha iyi tolere edilen bir ilac olmasiyla birlikte diger bileseni olan propilheksedrin acisindan bagimlilik riski tasimakta ve amfetamin benzeri uyarici etkisi ve yapisal olarak benzerligi dolayisi ile kotuye kullanimi gozlenmektedir (4).
Se inicio manejo con hidratacion endovenosa, acetaminofn, fluconazol por lesiones candidiasicas en la cavidad oral, ceftriaxona, fenobarbital y fenitoina por el antecedente de epilepsia.
En el SDRC tipo I los factores desencadenantes pueden ser variados (fracturas, esfuerzos, cirugia, contusiones, aplastamientos, esguinces, inmovilizaciones prolongadas, reeducacion inadecuada, accidente vascular cerebral o infarto de miocardio), en ocasiones son yatrogenicos como los originados por tratamiento con fenobarbital, isoniacida, etionamida o yodo radiactivo.
12] vitamini, fenobarbital ve psoralen ultraviyole-A uygulamasina bagli akneiform erupsiyon ile ayirim gerekmektedir (1).
Los medicamentos de mas uso potencialmente teratogenos son carbamazepina, fenobarbital, fenitoina, acido valproico.
Drogas asociadas Numero de casos Con fines de abuso (62%) En varios casos asociaron mas de una sustancia Alcohol etilico 18 Benzodiazepinas 11 Marihuana 9 Clorhidrato de Cocaina 3 Fenobarbital 1 Ansiolitico sin dato 1 Con finalidad suicida (38%) En varios casos asociaron mas de una sustancia Benzodiazepinas 11 Antipsicoticos 5 Alcohol etilico 3 Antiparkinsonianos 2 Antidepresivos 2 IECA * 3 HGO ** 2 Antiepilepticos 2 Clorhidrato de cocaina 1 Otros 3 IECA *: Inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de Angiotensina HGO **: Hipoglicemiantes orales Tabla 3.
Karbamazepin, fenitoin, fenobarbital, rifampisin ve sari kantaron (St John's Wort) gibi CYP3A4 indukleyici maddeler sildenafil duzeylerinde anlamli bir azalmaya neden olabilir.
Tambien la hipertrigliceridemia se puede presentar en perros epilepticos tratados con fenobarbital y bromuro de potasio por largos periodos de tiempo, ya que estos medicamentos pueden disminuir la actividad de la LPL, llevando asi a una hipertrigliceridemia; ademas, los animales epilepticos pueden llegar a tener pancreatitis debido a las complicaciones del tratamiento con estos farmacos (Lyman, 2009).
org Cuadro 4 Farmacos que son sustratos, inhibidores o inductores de algunas isoenzimas del citocromo P-450 Enzima Sustrato Inductor 2B6 bupropion, ciclofosfamida, Ciclofosfamida, derivados de efavirenz, ketamina, artemisinina, dipirona, meperidina, metadona, nevi- efavirenz, fenobarbital, rapina, selegilina.
La farmacoterapia se comienza solo si con medidas de apoyo no se controla el cuadro de abstinencia; y entre los farmacos utilizados para tratar el NAS estan el fenobarbital, el elixir paregorico, la tintura de opio, la morfina por via oral, el diazepan y la clorpromazina (93).
El fenobarbital y propofol son utilizados muy infrecuentemente, generalmente como sedantes de ultima eleccion (36,40,62,63).