feline leukemia virus

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Related to Feline leukemia: feline distemper, feline leukemia virus

feline leukemia virus (FeLV),

five recognized subtypes; the most common infectious disease in domestic Felidae; another common slow virus disease of cats also in the Retroviridae family is feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Symptoms of FeLV may overlap with FIV, depending on potential complicating secondary processes (e.g., secondary bacterial invaders, neoplasia) or physiologic response to chronic slow virus infection (e.g., anemia). Virus shedding occurs in saliva, tears, and excrement. Viruses have poor environmental survival, so close cat contact is needed for agent transfer. Cogrooming and cat bites are common transmission routes. Clinical picture varies from progressive debilitation leading to death, to asymptomatic carriers (bone marrow sequestration). Affected cats may be anemic, icteric, have fading kittens, abortion, infertility, lymphadenopathy, polyuria and polydipsia, diarrhea, lethargy, and death. Vaccine licensed for use.

feline leukemia virus

n. Abbr. FeLV
A retrovirus that primarily affects cats, is transmitted through saliva, and causes immunosuppression, anemia, cancers such as leukemia and sarcomas, and other disorders.
A retrovirus of the Oncornavirinae family, which affects cats, resulting in lymphoreticular and myeloid neoplasms, anemias, immune dysfunctions, and an AIDS-like complex
References in periodicals archive ?
We authors of the article entitled "Facial nerve ganglioneuroblastoma in a feline leukemia virus-positive cat" declared, for all due purposes, the project that gave rise to the present data of the same has not been submitted for evaluation to the Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), but we are aware of the content of the Brazilian resolutions of the Conselho Nacional de Controle de Experimentacao Animal (CONCEA) <http://www.mct.gov.br/ index.php/content/view/310553.html> if it involves animals.
Comparison of risk factors for seropositivity to feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus among cats: a case-case study.
Feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus infection in free-ranging guignas (Leopardus guigna) and sympatric domestic cats in human perturbed landscapes on Chiloe Island, Chile.
Feline leukemia is a virus that infects the immune system of cats.
It is an infectious disease caused by a retrovirus which is in the same family as the feline leukemia virus, which is present in large quantities in a cat's saliva, and the most common mode of transmission is via bite wounds.
Schaller, "Pathogenesis of experimental feline leukemia virus infection," Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol.
He was tested for feline leukemia, given X-rays to rule out broken bones and out on crate rest until he was ready for adoption.
In fact, thousands of cats are killed each year due to poisons such as pesticides, rodenticides and antifreeze, while others contract deadly diseases such as rabies, feline leukemia, distemper and feline immunodeficiency virus.
Additional threats include mercury poisoning from the fallout of coal-fired power plants, parasites, and diseases such as feline leukemia and feline distemper.
There are more than 250 genetic diseases that afflict cats, and the genome map may lead to prevention and treatment of diseases such as feline leukemia. Cats also inherit diseases like diabetes and lupus in exactly the same way that humans do.
But it claims that feral cats are aggravating an already desperate situation by hunting smaller creatures and possibly spreading feline leukemia and feline pan-leukemia to Florida panthers.

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