feline leukemia virus

(redirected from Feline leukaemia virus)
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Related to Feline leukaemia virus: Feline immunodeficiency virus, Feline leukemia

feline leukemia virus (FeLV),

five recognized subtypes; the most common infectious disease in domestic Felidae; another common slow virus disease of cats also in the Retroviridae family is feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Symptoms of FeLV may overlap with FIV, depending on potential complicating secondary processes (e.g., secondary bacterial invaders, neoplasia) or physiologic response to chronic slow virus infection (e.g., anemia). Virus shedding occurs in saliva, tears, and excrement. Viruses have poor environmental survival, so close cat contact is needed for agent transfer. Cogrooming and cat bites are common transmission routes. Clinical picture varies from progressive debilitation leading to death, to asymptomatic carriers (bone marrow sequestration). Affected cats may be anemic, icteric, have fading kittens, abortion, infertility, lymphadenopathy, polyuria and polydipsia, diarrhea, lethargy, and death. Vaccine licensed for use.

feline leukemia virus

n. Abbr. FeLV
A retrovirus that primarily affects cats, is transmitted through saliva, and causes immunosuppression, anemia, cancers such as leukemia and sarcomas, and other disorders.
A retrovirus of the Oncornavirinae family, which affects cats, resulting in lymphoreticular and myeloid neoplasms, anemias, immune dysfunctions, and an AIDS-like complex
References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence of feline leukaemia virus and antibodies to feline immunodeficiency virus and feline coronavirus in stray cats sent to an RSPCA hospital.
Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) is a gammaretrovirus associated with anaemia, immunodeficiency, leukaemia, and lymphoma in cats [1].
FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis), FIV (Feline immunodeficiency virus) or FELV (Feline Leukaemia virus) are all transmitted by sexual contact between cats and can be spread to offspring via the mother, so this poor cat should be brought to a vet and checked over asap.
Less than half of our cats are regularly vaccinated and cat flu is rife, with 78 per cent of vets seeing it in May alone, and nearly seven per cent of cats tested positive for feline leukaemia virus.
Conversely, neutered male cats are less likely to roam, reducing the risk of them suffering from car accidents and are less likely to fight which reduces the risk of them getting injured or contracting serious diseases such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) or Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV).
Vaccines protect against serious diseases such as cat flu, feline chlamydia, feline infectious enteritis and feline leukaemia virus. For more information visit www.pdsa.org.uk /cathealth.
Horizontal transmission of feline leukaemia virus. Nature.
Feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus are far more common in un-neutered tomcats for this reason.
A THE feline leukaemia virus is transmitted through saliva, so if your neighbour's cat used to groom Twiggy it is possible she has it.
BRIAN replies: Cats are vaccinated against feline herpes virus, feline calicivirus, feline panleucopenia and feline leukaemia virus. The first two together cause cat flu.

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