feline leukemia virus

(redirected from Feline leukaemia)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Feline leukaemia: Feline leukemia

feline leukemia virus (FeLV),

five recognized subtypes; the most common infectious disease in domestic Felidae; another common slow virus disease of cats also in the Retroviridae family is feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Symptoms of FeLV may overlap with FIV, depending on potential complicating secondary processes (e.g., secondary bacterial invaders, neoplasia) or physiologic response to chronic slow virus infection (e.g., anemia). Virus shedding occurs in saliva, tears, and excrement. Viruses have poor environmental survival, so close cat contact is needed for agent transfer. Cogrooming and cat bites are common transmission routes. Clinical picture varies from progressive debilitation leading to death, to asymptomatic carriers (bone marrow sequestration). Affected cats may be anemic, icteric, have fading kittens, abortion, infertility, lymphadenopathy, polyuria and polydipsia, diarrhea, lethargy, and death. Vaccine licensed for use.

feline leukemia virus

n. Abbr. FeLV
A retrovirus that primarily affects cats, is transmitted through saliva, and causes immunosuppression, anemia, cancers such as leukemia and sarcomas, and other disorders.
A retrovirus of the Oncornavirinae family, which affects cats, resulting in lymphoreticular and myeloid neoplasms, anemias, immune dysfunctions, and an AIDS-like complex
References in periodicals archive ?
Differential growth and transmission in cats of feline leukaemia viruses of subgroups A and B.
Hartmann, "Prevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus among client-owned cats and risk factors for infection in Germany," Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, vol.
In cats, incidences of Panleucopaenia and Feline Leukaemia are rare although Herpes and Calicivirus remain a problem.
Neutering also prevents male cats from wandering and smelling and reduces the chances of both male and female cats catching feline leukaemia and feline Aids.
The biggest dangers to cats are feline leukaemia and enteritis, while rabbits are most at risk from myxomatosis.
Conversely, neutered male cats are less likely to roam, reducing the risk of them suffering from car accidents and are less likely to fight which reduces the risk of them getting injured or contracting serious diseases such as Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) or Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV).
Louise Hetherington from the Newcastle branch, Cheryl Nash from Gateshead and Jessie Hetherington from Sunderland are now part of a nationwide vet squad helping to protect vulnerable pets at risk of killer diseases like parvovirus and feline leukaemia.
Vaccines protect against serious diseases such as cat flu, feline chlamydia, feline infectious enteritis and feline leukaemia virus.
FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis), FIV (Feline immunodeficiency virus) or FELV (Feline Leukaemia virus) are all transmitted by sexual contact between cats and can be spread to offspring via the mother, so this poor cat should be brought to a vet and checked over asap.

Full browser ?