feline immunodeficiency virus

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Related to Feline AIDS: Feline leukemia

feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV),

a slow viral disease of Felidae with worldwide distribution; characterized by chronic immunosuppression and development of secondary opportunist infections and cancers. Primary route of transmission is through bite wounds, but transplacental and nursing transfer are other routes of transmission. In this species, sexual contact is not considered an important transfer route. Species-specific strain; does not cause disease in humans. Other important viruses in the genus include agents of progressive pneumonia in sheep, infectious anemia in horses (EIA), and arthritis-encephalitis in goats. FIV used as a model for human AIDS (HIV) research. Clinical signs variable and often relate to secondary invaders; fever, anorexia, gingivitis, stomatitis, poor haircoat, diarrhea, anemia, lymphopenia (CD4+:CD8+ ratio used as a prognostic parameter); bladder and respiratory infections are common signs. May cause seizures, abortions, and many cats remain asymptomatic until late stage disease. Licensed vaccine available. Feline leukemia virus, another common slow virus disease of cats is also in the Retroviridae family.
Synonym(s): cat AIDS, feline AIDS
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This reduces their chances of contracting FIV, a feline Aids virus which is increasingly common in Ireland.
My friend thinks my cat may have feline Aids as he has seen it before, please tell me more about this disease and if it can be transferred to my other cats and people?
To combat HIV, AIDS and other diseases, researchers are focusing on a genome-based immunization strategy to fight feline AIDS. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) eventually leads to AIDS in cats--just like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) does in According-to- researchers at the Mayo Clinic, they both deplete the body's infection-fighting T-cells.
There is a lot of suffering as these cats continue to reproduce at an alarming rate and a lot of these cats can have distemper, feline leukemia, feline AIDS and peritonitis.
A Feline AIDS works in the same way as Human AIDS, weakening the immune system and exposing the patient to infection.
She responded in the affirmative when asked if the number of kittens put down was substantial, adding that most common reasons for euthanising them were injuries, poisoning, starvation and feline Aids, known as Feline Infectious Virus, which, like human Aids, is not contractible by touch.

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