false-positive


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false-positive

 [fawls´ poz´ĭ-tiv]
1. denoting a test result that wrongly assigns an individual to a diagnostic or other category.
2. an individual so categorized.
3. an instance of such a result; called also false-positive reaction.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

false-positive

(fôls′pŏz′ĭ-tĭv)
adj.
Being or relating to a result from a medical test that is erroneously positive.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

type-1 error

An error made when a null hypothesis is rejected but is actually true.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Third, since no verification process is performed, the extraction of the signatures is certain to involve high false-positive rates.
Most Medicaid undercount research has focused on false-negative error rather than false-positive error since it is a larger component of the undercount.
(3) reported another case of false-positive FDG uptake in the non-paralytic vocal cord.
The results showed the cancer-detection rate was significantly higher in the DBT group than the DM group, and the false-positive rate was significantly lower in the DBT group compared with the DM group.
Instrument false-positive blood cultures in the setting of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been rarely described in the literature [6-8].
Commercial testing facility Laboratory Corporation of America (LabCorp) has reported a greater-than-expected number of false-positive results from the ZIKV Detect test.
"The reason this apparent false-positive rate from this study is so high is mostly because the Kepler team has been very generous with the last few data releases with what has been called a 'candidate'," Morton says.
In the article, "Urine drug screens: When might a test be false-positive?", it was noted that false positives in immunoassays are rare, but that those involving opiates and amphetamines were more common than cocaine-metabolite and cannabinoid false positives.
The test correctly identifies about 80 percent of women who are carrying a baby with Down syndrome and has a false-positive rate of about five percent.
The percentage of consumers affected by false-positive declines is three times greater than the percentage affected by card fraud, with a total of USD118 billion incorrectly declined in 2014, compared to just USD9.0 billion lost to card fraud.
A false-positive uptake of F18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) on positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) can result in confusion and misinterpretation of scans.
Other potential causes for false-positive urine pregnancy test results include tubo-ovarian abscess, (6) adenomyosis, (7) and cancers that produce hCG, such as colon, pancreatic, lung, liver, and urothelial bladder carcinoma.