false memory

(redirected from False Memories)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

false memory

n.
An imagined event that is believed to be recalled as a memory.

false memory

Psychology
A set of suggestions and cues that cause a person to believe an event occurred which in fact did not; the mechanism by which this occurs is known as “source amnesia”.

false memory

Recovered memory, repressed memory Psychiatry A series of suggestions and cues that cause a person to believe an event occurred, which in fact did not Mechanism of FM Source amnesia. See Memory, Source amnesia.

false memory

An inaccurate or incomplete remembrance of a past event. Memory accuracy, validity, and reliability are affected by the following factors: age; serious illness, injury, or psychological trauma; prolonged medication therapy or use of a substance of abuse; mental retardation; mental illness; anxiety; preoccupation; fatigue; guilt and fear of penalty; coercion; or incentive to testify falsely. These factors must be considered in the evaluation of the reliability of patient-reported memories.
See also: memory
References in periodicals archive ?
This result was explained in the sense that information related to the self is processed more deeply (Craik & Lockhart, 1972), creating a feeling of familiarity that increases both true and false recognition (that is, giving rise to a more liberal response bias), especially in elderly adults because they are more prone to false memories than young people (Schacter et al.
In addition to the collaborative inhibition effect, the production of false memories has also been a target of interest in some studies on collaborative memory.
The false memories could be produced by stimulating just 3 percent of the cells in the dentate gyrus--about 30,000 cells, the team reports in the July 26 Science.
Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) were looking at how faulty memories can arise and how false memories originate from the same place as a real ones: "Whether it's a false or genuine memory, the brain's neural mechanism underlying the recall of the memory is the same," says Susumu Tonegawa, senior author of the study.
It includes new findings about the evolution of humans, abnormal microglia as a cause for mental disability, the similar impact of social rejection on the brain system as physical pain, the transplantation of photoreceptors into damaged retinas, how some parts of the brain can be asleep while others are awake, activating false memories in mice, discerning what a person is seeing from brain scans, and the patterns of connections between brain regions.
Moreover, they were also less likely to create false memories of the related words.
Although support for this assumption has been found in tasks that measure true memory, less is known about how the structure of lexical knowledge affects emotional false memories.
Where historical fags are transformed into false memories.
The brain is thus misled into memory mix-ups and false memories, according to a study published in the Dec.
In addition the number and type of intrusions or false memories that occurred was recorded and analyzed.