What academics need to be aware of is that frauds are usually one step ahead, and thus false identities, false authorship
, emails, submission accounts or institutional addresses, pseudonymous authorship, any form of fakery, journal hacking and identity hijacking or theft all constitute real risks that affect not only academics, but their institutes, journals and publishers (Teixeira da Silva, 2017a).
The consequences of incomplete proration should include excessive coauthoring, or at least the appearance of excessive coauthoring, since false authorship is also a rational response by researchers to incomplete proration.
Finally, the subject of false authorship is examined.
The implication is that the authors resort to a form of false authorship. The limits to the growth of coauthoring in these circumstances are the very real issues of professional norms and ethical concerns.
By avoiding the actual diseconomies of coauthorship through a form of false authorship, there is no limit to how much "coauthoring" can take place.
Is there a cost for engaging in false authorship other than possible guilt?
Coauthorship, or more particularly false authorship, has gotten badly enough out of hand that some fields have adopted ethical rules for when someone should be listed as an author.
The possibility of false authorship makes it conceivable that actual coauthorship might not be rising, or might not be rising to the extent that measured coauthorship is rising.
False authorship does not change the total number of papers published from what it would be under an efficient reward mechanism.
In a world of incomplete proration, false authorship may be a response that allows the production of research to remain efficient in the face of a reward system that promotes excessive and inefficient coauthorship.
I felt that simply to talk to Freeman again would serve no purpose; instead, I had a a letter hand-delivered to his office, to let him know I was aware of plagiarism, that I wanted him to agree to withdraw my article from distribution under false authorship; and that if he didn't respond to the letter, he would leave me no choice but to go to court for a restraining order.
The judge immediately granted the restraining order, barring Freeman's distribution of the chapter under false authorship until the court case could be heard.