Fallopian tube


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fallopian tube

 [fah-lo´pe-an]
a slender tube extending laterally from the uterus toward the ovary, one on each side, allowing passage of ova to the cavity of the uterus and of spermatozoa in the opposite direction. Called also uterine tube and oviduct.

When the mature ovum leaves the ovary it enters the fringed opening of the fallopian tube, through which it travels slowly to the uterus. When conception takes place, the tube is usually the site of fertilization. Obstruction or infection within the fallopian tubes is a major cause of infertility. The removal of one tube by surgery, or the failure of a tube to function, ordinarily leaves the other tube intact and able to perform its function in reproduction. Occasionally the fertilized ovum implants in the wall of the fallopian tube, resulting in an ectopic, or tubal pregnancy.
Fallopian tube. From McKinney et al., 2000.

u·ter·ine tube

[TA]
one of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary, which is largely enveloped by its expanded infundibulum, to the fundus of the uterus; it provides the path by which the ovum travels from ovary to uterus where, if it is fertilized in the tube, it will implant as a zygote; it consists of infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, and uterine parts.

fallopian tube

also

Fallopian tube

(fə-lō′pē-ən)
n.
Either of a pair of slender ducts through which ova pass from the ovary to the uterus in the female reproductive system of humans and other mammals.

u·ter·ine tube

(yū'tĕr-in tūb) [TA]
One of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary, which is largely enveloped by its expanded infundibulum, to the fundus of the uterus; it consists of infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, and uterine parts.
Synonym(s): salpinx (1) [TA] , fallopian tube, gonaduct (2) , oviduct.

Fallopian tube

The open-ended tube along which eggs (ova) travel from the ovaries to the womb (uterus) and in which fertilization must occur if pregnancy is to result. The open end of each Fallopian tube has finger-like processes that sweep over the surface of the ovary at the time of ovulation, wafting the egg into the tube. Also known as a uterine tube. (Gabriele Fallopio, Italian anatomist, 1523–63).

Fallopian tube

a tube forming part of the OVIDUCT, present on either side of a female mammal, that transmits secondary oocytes from the peritoneal cavity to the uterus and is the usual site of FERTILIZATION. Ciliary action is involved in the egg movement, and muscular action of the uterus facilitates the upward movement of sperms from the vaginal tract where they have been deposited after copulation.

Fallopian tube

One of a pair of slender tubes that extend from each ovary to the uterus. Eggs pass through the fallopian tubes to reach the uterus.

Fallopius,

Gabriele, Italian anatomist, 1523-1562.
fallopian aqueduct - the bony passage in the temporal bone through which the facial nerve passes. Synonym(s): facial canal; fallopian canal
fallopian arch - Synonym(s): fallopian ligament
fallopian artery
fallopian canal - Synonym(s): fallopian aqueduct
fallopian cannula
fallopian catheter
fallopian hiatus - the opening on the anterior aspect of the petrous part of the temporal bone which leads to the facial canal and gives passage to the greater petrosal nerve. Synonym(s): hiatus of facial canal
fallopian ligament - forms the floor of the inguinal canal and gives origin to lowermost fibers of internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. Synonym(s): fallopian arch; inguinal ligament
fallopian neuritis - Synonym(s): facial paralysis
fallopian pregnancy - Synonym(s): tubal pregnancy
fallopian tube - one of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary to the fundus of the uterus. Synonym(s): tuba fallopiana; tuba fallopii; uterine tube;
tuba fallopiana - Synonym(s): fallopian tube
tuba fallopii - Synonym(s): fallopian tube

Patient discussion about Fallopian tube

Q. She had an infection in her fallopian tubes. She is recovering now, but can she get pregnant again? My sister had a very bad pregnancy where she had lost her first child. She had an infection in her fallopian tubes. As it was an ectopic pregnancy, she had an operation where they made a small incision in the fallopian tube and removed the embryo. She was depressed for quite a while as she was looking forward to enjoying her new baby. She is recovering now, but can she get pregnant again?

A. i think that was an ectopic pregnancy. of course she can get pregnant again, although the past history of tubal pregnancy increases the risk of developing another ectopic pregnancy in the future. but don't worry, all your sister need to is always consult her health and future-pregnancy condition with her ob-gyn specialist.

i believe that what happened to your sister was non-complicated ectopic pregnancy, because the doctor was just doing the minimal invasive surgery in her fallopian tube. it still has the risks of having another ectopic one in her future pregnancy, but with a complete medical check-up and work-up, i'm sure she will just be doing well.

i just wrote a brief note about ectopic pregnancy, in case you want to read that :
http://doctoradhi.com/blog/2009/01/ectopic-pregnancy/

More discussions about Fallopian tube
References in periodicals archive ?
The studies conducted in the early stages of clinical trials for fallopian tube cancer suggest that these drugs show a significant reduction in the tumor while providing long-term relief.
The fallopian tube can be grasped with a laparoscopic grasper and the mesosalpinx sealed and divided using a vessel-sealing device (Figure 4).
Dr Mpitika further said the diagnosis could be confirmed after performing tests including a pregnancy test and a pelvic exam, adding that an ultrasound scan could also be conduced to view the uterus and fallopian tubes condition.
The fallopian tubes were carefully dissected out and fixed in 10% formalin for routine histological procedures.
Finally, Raff [11] presented a case of a malignant fallopian tube carcinoma in a patient with a three-week history of left-sided weakness and a solitary parietal lesion.
Nontubal gynecologic carcinomas can also metastasize to the fallopian tube. A study by Reyes et al (23) found that cervical carcinomas can colonize the tubal mucosa and mimic a primary tubal process.
Already we are being asked to carry out therapeutic Lipiodol studies without prior testing of fallopian tube patency.
Conclusion: Fallopian tube recanalization by ozone perfusion can effectively increase the postoperative pregnancy rate and reduce the fallopian tube re-occlusion.
describe some hyphotheses concerning the potential origin of indirect inguinal hernia containing the entire uterus, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes. First, the broad ligament of the uterus may be induced to track the uterine and contralateral ovary and Fallopian tube when the ipsilateral ovary and Fallopian tube herniate into hernia sac.
Many subsequent studies confirmed the presence of STIC in the fallopian tube mucosa of BRCA mutation carries who underwent prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy procedures.
No doubt the primary fallopian tube cancer is rare but also difficult to diagnose many of the times.1,2 Only because the patients have involvement of fallopian tubes does not fulfill the criteria for fallopian tubes origin even if there is no tumour found in ovaries.
Nine out of ten cases of ovarian cancer are the 'epithelial' type, starting in the surface lining of the ovary or in the fallopian tube. Mr Woolas says, 'Many ovarian cancers actually arise from cells in the fallopian tube,' so the name 'ovarian' cancer may be misleading.