fallopian tube


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fallopian tube

 [fah-lo´pe-an]
a slender tube extending laterally from the uterus toward the ovary, one on each side, allowing passage of ova to the cavity of the uterus and of spermatozoa in the opposite direction. Called also uterine tube and oviduct.

When the mature ovum leaves the ovary it enters the fringed opening of the fallopian tube, through which it travels slowly to the uterus. When conception takes place, the tube is usually the site of fertilization. Obstruction or infection within the fallopian tubes is a major cause of infertility. The removal of one tube by surgery, or the failure of a tube to function, ordinarily leaves the other tube intact and able to perform its function in reproduction. Occasionally the fertilized ovum implants in the wall of the fallopian tube, resulting in an ectopic, or tubal pregnancy.
Fallopian tube. From McKinney et al., 2000.

u·ter·ine tube

[TA]
one of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary, which is largely enveloped by its expanded infundibulum, to the fundus of the uterus; it provides the path by which the ovum travels from ovary to uterus where, if it is fertilized in the tube, it will implant as a zygote; it consists of infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, and uterine parts.

fallopian tube

also

Fallopian tube

(fə-lō′pē-ən)
n.
Either of a pair of slender ducts through which ova pass from the ovary to the uterus in the female reproductive system of humans and other mammals.

fallopian tube

[fəlō′pē·ən]
Etymology: Gabriello Fallopio
one of a pair of ducts opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity, over the ovary. Each tube serves as the passage through which an ovum is carried to the uterus and through which spermatozoa move out toward the ovary. The tube lies in the upper border of the broad ligament (the mesosalpinx). Each tube has four parts: the fimbriae, the infundibulum, the ampulla, and the isthmus. The fimbriae drape in fingerlike projections from the infundibulum over the ovary. Immediately proximal to the infundibulum is the ampulla, the widest portion of the tube. The ampulla is connected to the fundus of the uterus by the isthmus. Also called oviduct, uterine tube. See also tubal ligation.
enlarge picture
Parts of the fallopian tube

u·ter·ine tube

(yū'tĕr-in tūb) [TA]
One of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary, which is largely enveloped by its expanded infundibulum, to the fundus of the uterus; it consists of infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, and uterine parts.
Synonym(s): salpinx (1) [TA] , fallopian tube, gonaduct (2) , oviduct.

Fallopian tube

The open-ended tube along which eggs (ova) travel from the ovaries to the womb (uterus) and in which fertilization must occur if pregnancy is to result. The open end of each Fallopian tube has finger-like processes that sweep over the surface of the ovary at the time of ovulation, wafting the egg into the tube. Also known as a uterine tube. (Gabriele Fallopio, Italian anatomist, 1523–63).

Fallopian tube

a tube forming part of the OVIDUCT, present on either side of a female mammal, that transmits secondary oocytes from the peritoneal cavity to the uterus and is the usual site of FERTILIZATION. Ciliary action is involved in the egg movement, and muscular action of the uterus facilitates the upward movement of sperms from the vaginal tract where they have been deposited after copulation.

Fallopian tube

One of a pair of slender tubes that extend from each ovary to the uterus. Eggs pass through the fallopian tubes to reach the uterus.

Fallopius,

Gabriele, Italian anatomist, 1523-1562.
fallopian aqueduct - the bony passage in the temporal bone through which the facial nerve passes. Synonym(s): facial canal; fallopian canal
fallopian arch - Synonym(s): fallopian ligament
fallopian artery
fallopian canal - Synonym(s): fallopian aqueduct
fallopian cannula
fallopian catheter
fallopian hiatus - the opening on the anterior aspect of the petrous part of the temporal bone which leads to the facial canal and gives passage to the greater petrosal nerve. Synonym(s): hiatus of facial canal
fallopian ligament - forms the floor of the inguinal canal and gives origin to lowermost fibers of internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. Synonym(s): fallopian arch; inguinal ligament
fallopian neuritis - Synonym(s): facial paralysis
fallopian pregnancy - Synonym(s): tubal pregnancy
fallopian tube - one of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary to the fundus of the uterus. Synonym(s): tuba fallopiana; tuba fallopii; uterine tube;
tuba fallopiana - Synonym(s): fallopian tube
tuba fallopii - Synonym(s): fallopian tube

fallopian tube

called also uterine tube. See oviduct.

Patient discussion about fallopian tube

Q. She had an infection in her fallopian tubes. She is recovering now, but can she get pregnant again? My sister had a very bad pregnancy where she had lost her first child. She had an infection in her fallopian tubes. As it was an ectopic pregnancy, she had an operation where they made a small incision in the fallopian tube and removed the embryo. She was depressed for quite a while as she was looking forward to enjoying her new baby. She is recovering now, but can she get pregnant again?

A. i think that was an ectopic pregnancy. of course she can get pregnant again, although the past history of tubal pregnancy increases the risk of developing another ectopic pregnancy in the future. but don't worry, all your sister need to is always consult her health and future-pregnancy condition with her ob-gyn specialist.

i believe that what happened to your sister was non-complicated ectopic pregnancy, because the doctor was just doing the minimal invasive surgery in her fallopian tube. it still has the risks of having another ectopic one in her future pregnancy, but with a complete medical check-up and work-up, i'm sure she will just be doing well.

i just wrote a brief note about ectopic pregnancy, in case you want to read that :
http://doctoradhi.com/blog/2009/01/ectopic-pregnancy/

More discussions about fallopian tube
References in periodicals archive ?
About Fallopian Tube Cancer The incidence rate of fallopian tube cancers is estimated to be 0.
Multiple studies in the past have shown that fallopian tube may be the primary source of pelvic serous carcinoma involving ovary and fallopian tube, irrespective of BRCA status.
The egg settles in the fallopian tube in more than 95% of ectopic pregnancies.
F-18 FDG PET/CT findings of primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube.
Transcervical sterilization techniques, in which the fallopian tubes are approached through the cervix instead of through an abdominal incision, offer several advantages over conventional tubal ligation: They do not require general anesthesia or incisions, and they may therefore increase safety, lower costs and improve access to sterilization.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants in a location other than the uterus, most commonly the fallopian tube.
When an egg is fertilised in a normal pregnancy, it travels down the fallopian tube to the womb.
The fallopian tube inserts that produce contraception can be removed only by surgery.
Yet Eisenbach wasn't convinced that sperm chemotaxis could occur over the full 2 to 3 centimeters of the mammalian fallopian tube.
It appears that smoking reduces the production of genes such as BAD, which are involved in the control of cell death and promote an environment in the Fallopian tube that is attractive to the developing embryo.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Fallopian Tube Cancer - Pipeline Review, H1 2012', provides an overview of the Fallopian Tube Cancer therapeutic pipeline.
A MEDIC who left a patient infertile when she took out the wrong fallopian tube has been allowed to carry on working.