foot-and-mouth disease virus

(redirected from FMD virus)

foot-and-mouth dis·ease vi·rus

a picornavirus of the genus Aphthovirus, family Picornaviridae, which causes foot-and-mouth disease of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and wild ruminants; it has wide distribution throughout Africa and Asia, causing serious economic losses; the virus is spread by contamination of the animal environment with infected saliva and excreta.
Synonym(s): FMD virus
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
A multivalent vaccine having 250 HU of Clostridium chauvoei, 0.2 X 107 TCID50 units of FMD virus serotypes A, O and Asia-I and 2 mg of Pasteurella multocida induces a protective immune response in buffalo calves (Farooq, 2013).
Participants were trained on documentation, suspension cell culture system, virus culture, biological titration of FMD virus, inactivation, sterility/ safety tests and formulation of vaccine, etc.
Nath et al [25] reported that cross-bred cows affected with FMD had greater AST concentration compared to those in a control group suggesting that the effects of the FMD virus resulted in liver damage.
The FMD virus mutates very quickly and any change in its structure makes the vaccine ineffective.
Although in vivo titration of FMD virus (FMDV) has been replaced by in vitro titration for most applications, several FMD laboratories still use in vivo titration for cattle-passaged viruses intended for challenge.
FMD is caused by FMD virus (FMDV; family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus), which has 7 immunologically distinct serotypes, O, A, C, Asia 1, SAT 1, SAT 2, and SAT 3.
An in-depth analysis showed that the pig had an A-type FMD virus, the ministry said.
Is Britain ready for FMD virus? WALES is to take part in a real-time simulation to test Britain's readiness for a foot-and-mouth outbreak.
These conditions include the following: the animals showed no clinical sign of FMD on the day of shipment; were kept since birth or for at least the past three months in an FMD-free country or zone where vaccination is not practiced or an FMD-free compartment; and if transiting an infected zone, the animals were not exposed to any source of FMD virus during transportation to the place of shipment.
Geometric mean titer (GMT) and standard deviation (SD) of treated groups is shown in Figure 1 for Pasteurella multocida ant three strains of FMD virus i.e.
According to the company, the new seeds are the first to use a live adenovirus as a vector for select genes from FMD virus. This new technology allows FMD vaccines to be made without the biosecurity hazard of having actual FMD virus in a US manufacturing facility.