Hypothesis 1: FICD has a negative impact on exporter trust.
There is no direct causal relationship between FICD and exporter economic performance.
Hypothesis 2: Trust mediates the negative relationship between FICD and exporter economic performance.
FICD hampers the mechanisms through which trust produces its positive effect on performance.
Hypothesis 3: FICD moderates the relationship between trust and exporter economic performance.
Because FICD hampers the emergence and the maintenance of trust and is associated with low economic performance, it has a negative association with the survival of export relationships over time.
Hypothesis 4: FICD is negatively related to the survival of export relationships.
I began by developing a formative measurement instrument to assess FICD (Stages 1 and 2).
The noise created by such internal issues would have made it difficult to properly assess FICD.
Thus, to precisely measure the FICD construct, a latent approach that combines reflective and formative manifest indicators is needed.
FICD is related to the problems a firm experiences in the foreign market.
Thus, it is important that all the relevant stimuli of FICD be included in the instrument.