(2005), we considered three scenarios for the value of poverty aversion parameter [alpha] ([alpha]=0, [alpha]=1, [alpha]=2) where; FGT
equation with [alpha] value equals to zero will calculate the proportion of population under the poverty line or it may also be called the headcount ratio; while FGT
equation with [alpha] value equals 1 will calculate the poverty depth or the amount through which poor family is lower than the poverty line; The last scenario, FGT
equation with [alpha]=2 calculates the poverty gap squared index or the severity of poverty.It determines the degree of poverty.
less than five percent, while the nation's total FGT
Heat-conducted Power-conducted [k.sub.Hg] [wt.%] Flue gas 3.90 3.90 Waste water 0.30 0.00 Bottom ash 4.93 4.93 Fly ash and FGT
4.60 91.17 residues Gypsum 3.27 0.00 Sludge 83.00 0.00 Cu scrap 0.00 0.00 Al scrap 0.00 0.00 Fe scrap 0.00 0.00 Sum 100.00 100.00 Table 3: Examples of terms in an impact assessment (LCIA) DIN EN ISO 14044.
proportion was associated with ER positivity (p=0.009), but no significant differences between FGT
proportion and PR positivity were found (p=0.256).
Using the case of Guangxi, one of the poorest provinces in China, this article aims to (1) assess the FGT
poverty indices, (2) quantify the relationships between rural transition indicators and FGT
poverty metrics, and (3) analyze the individual influences and joint influences of the components of rural transition on the FGT
This methodology I was happy to develop with James Foster and therefore, very naturally, it is an extension of Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT
) set of indices.
Even the most established poverty measure by Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT
, 1984) evaluates the poverty status of households in a static sense and ignores the dynamic aspects.
To overcome this problem of multidimensional headcount, Alkire and Foster (2007) propose the dimension adjusted FGT
measures, given by [M.sub.[alpha]](y,z) = [mu](g.sup.[alpha](k)) for a [greater than or equal to] 0.