This is done through intrinsic and extrinsic reward
programmes provided by management to: attract qualified personnel to join the organization, keep them coming to work, and motivate same (employees) to achieve high level of performance.
"The finding that these men were not motivated by the extrinsic reward
of career advancement seems at odds with reports in the nursing literature which hold that men rise rapidly into management positions and are overrepresented in such positions within nursing."
Undermining children's intrinsic interest with extrinsic reward
: A test of the "overjustification" hypotheses.
The increase in the extrinsic reward
provided to the Tour players is experienced by the caddies through the larger pool of available winnings for each tournament.
Hypothesis 5: The importance of an extrinsic reward
to the employee will positively moderate the relationship between extrinsic rewards
for creativity and that employee's creative performance.
Petroulas, Brown & Sundin, (2010) also found that generation X and generation Y are keen on taking up challenging work assignments only when it is followed by immediate extrinsic reward
. Older generations on the other hand equate work to self fulfilment and a drive and passion for hard work and long working hours (Zemke, Raines & Filipczak, 2000).
Furthermore, because no extrinsic reward
is provided either for completing the task, or failing to do so, the participants rely on internally derived motivation (i.e., intrinsic).
Pink cited examples of athletes using performance-enhancing drugs or business executives using unethical practices to increase profits because "the problem with making an extrinsic reward
the only destination that matters is that some people will choose the quickest route there, even if it means taking the low road.
interpret an extrinsic reward
. See Deci, Koestner & Ryan, supra note
The experts were focused on the intrinsic reward of achieving a high level of competency and the intangible extrinsic reward
of being recognized for doing well.
Biggs argued that extrinsically motivated learners tend to adopt a surface approach to learning and so we could certainly question the value of motivating students to participate in an online task by offering an extrinsic reward
. Taking these ideas into account, we were concerned, although not surprised (Salmon, 2003), that several students who participated in this online seminar seemed to be extrinsically motivated.
When the reward was removed from the task, the children completed it just to "get it over with" and earn the extrinsic reward
; those who had neither an intrinsic or extrinsic reinforcer used avoidance strategies and did not complete the task (Oldfather, 2002).