extradural hematoma

epidural haematoma

A medical emergency found in 5 to 15% of fatal head injuries, in which blood accumulates in the epidural space due to blood leaking from a torn or disrupted middle meningeal artery, resulting in compression of the brain/dura mater. It is usually caused by a focal impact—either a fall or a blow to the head. Without urgent evacuation of the haematoma, tentorial herniation ensues, often followed by death.

extradural hematoma

Epidural hematoma Neurology Accumulation of blood in the epidural space, due to leakage of blood from the middle meningeal artery. Cf Subdural hematoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contralateral extradural hematoma following decompressive craniectomy for acute subdural hematoma (the value of intracranial pressure monitoring): A case report.
POD 9 CT scan reevaluation revealed an extradural hematoma, which slowly resolved without motor impairment under conservatory treatment.
Any patient who developed contusion, depressed skull fracture, Subdural hematoma, Extradural hematoma, intracerebral hematoma, penetrating head injury within 24 hr of injury or seizure occurring subsequent to head injury i.
Surgical modalities include simple elevation of closed as well as compound depressed fracture, durorraphy done for dural tear and drainage of extradural hematoma (EDH) or subdural hematoma (SDH) with elevation of depressed fragment of fracture skull.
Unbelievably considering he hardly had a mark on his face, he discovered he had suffered a fractured jaw and serious brain trauma known as extradural hematoma - a collection of blood between the skull and the brain which can be life-threatening.
Epidemiological analysis of 189 cases of traumatic intracranial extradural hematoma treated by surgery.
The main lesion patterns on computed tomography (CT) scan within 24 h post injury were focal contusion (8 cases), diffuse brain injury (8 cases), extradural hematoma (11 cases), and subdural hematoma (15 cases).
Surgery for closed depressed fracture is usually cosmetic but if radiological appearance suggest dural laceration, brain penetration, mass effect, or underlying subdural hematoma, extradural hematoma or Intracranial hematoma exploration required.
Spinal extradural hematoma in an infant with hemophilia A: An unusual presentation of a rare complication.
5%), cerebral contusions, subarachnoid hemorrhage and extradural hematoma (36, 37.
Spontaneous spinal extradural hematoma during anticoagulant therapy.