The extended draining of the extracorporeal circuit
and dialyser (EDECD) was then trialled successfully.
When citrate flows through the filter during RCA, citrate chelates the ionized calcium and decreases the concentration of the ionized calcium in the extracorporeal circuit
Sherman, "Prevention of reoxygenation injury in hypoxaemic immature hearts by priming the extracorporeal circuit
with antioxidants," Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.
Pathophysiological factors such as sickness severity, haemodilution (42), altered serum protein concentrations (43), the inflammatory response induced by the extracorporeal circuit
(46), bleeding and massive transfusion, changes in the extracellular fluid volume and total body water may all lead to an increase in the volume of distribution of administered drugs.
It requires constant adjustments of the citrate infusion rate to blood-flow rate or ionized calcium level in the extracorporeal circuit
(Apsner et al.
Extending the life of the extracorporeal circuit
can help patients with acute kidney injury remain on renal replacement therapy as prescribed, while reducing potential complications that can occur when the blood circuit needs to be replaced.
Circulate the heparinised saline through the extracorporeal circuit
to coat the blood lines and the dialyser (10-20 min, flow rate 100-300 ml/min).
Blood enters the extracorporeal circuit
through an access line, passes through the haemofilter; the dialysate is added on the fluid side of the filter to increase solute exchange by diffusion.
CPFA is a relatively novel technique consisting in an extracorporeal circuit
in which three different filters work sequentially to remove a number of septic mediators, including TNF-a and several other mediators exerting either pro- or anti-inflammatory actions: at the same time continuous renal replacement therapy is provided (6).
Possibly the most important point made by the authors, was that there were no obvious signs of hemolysis in the extracorporeal circuit
, in effect, the hemolysis was hidden
9% saline, in the priming and reinfusion of the extracorporeal circuit
and to relieve symptoms of volume depletion, thus reducing IDWG in non-diabetic people receiving HD treatment.
A patient dialyzing at home during the night faces many challenges such as access difficulties, machine malfunction and extracorporeal circuit