external jugular vein

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Related to External jugular: vena jugularis, Internal jugular

ex·ter·nal jug·u·lar vein

superficial vein formed inferior to the parotid gland by the junction of the posterior auricular vein and the retromandibular vein, and passing down the side of the neck crossing to the sternocleidomastoid muscle vertically to empty into the subclavian vein.
Synonym(s): vena jugularis externa [TA]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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external jugular vein

A vein that drains blood from the scalp and face; it arises from the merger of the posterior facial and posterior auricular veins behind the angle of the mandible. The external jugular vein runs superficially down the neck, crossing the sternocleidomastoid muscle, to drain into the subclavian vein. Tributaries of the external jugular vein include the posterior external jugular, transverse cervical, suprascapular, and anterior jugular veins.
See: illustrationand for illus.
See also: vein
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
The clavicle is thereby surrounded by venous ring made up of the larger branch of cephalic vein anteriorly, the smaller branch draining into the axillary vein inferiorly, and the external jugular vein draining into the subclavian vein superomedially.
The point where the external jugular vein crosses the posterolateral border of sternocleidomastoid muscle is the entry point.
The vein grafts, including bilateral native carotid arteries, and normal external jugular veins were cut off.
The surgeon could not thread catheters through the femoral, saphenous, axillary, and external jugular veins under direct visualization due to venous stenosis.
Figl, "External jugular vein cross-over as a new technique for percutaneous central venous port access in case of left central venous occlusion," Journal of Vascular Access, vol.
(7,10) A case of presumed pulmonary embolus from an external jugular vein aneurysm has been reported, and it would seem possible for these to occur in association with retromandibular vein ectasia as well.
In radical neck dissections, the dissections of the internal and external jugular veins often cause maxillofacial edema due to the poor face venous reflux or cause intracranial hypertension and subsequently dizziness and headache [23].
(1) Venous aneurysm of external jugular vein is very rare and very few cases have been reported in the English literature.
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) confirmed the cervical spinal AVF, demonstrating the shunting through an intricate web of communications between the right vertebral artery and drainage into the right epidural and right internal and external jugular veins (Figs 4a and 4b).
We report a case of predominantly external jugular vein (EJV) involvement in an adolescent male with negative blood culture results.

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