Notably, in SPLS groups, the median EBL and the anal exsufflation
time were significantly less than those of the conventional group (5 ml vs.
Interventions: Pressures of 15, 30, and 40 cm H2O were cycled to each patient, with 2 s for insufflation and 3 s for exsufflation
. One application consisted of six cycles at each pressure for a total of three applications.
There were no significant differences in the mean duration of surgery (time elapsed from the end of the induction of anesthesia until exsufflation
or incision closure) between LC [mean (SD), 91.9 (36.8) min; range, 40-190 min] and OC [108 (30.9) min; range, 80-165 min] groups.
For Augustine and his era, baptism retained something of a magical power, as illustrated by the accompanying exorcism rite (exsufflation
) in which the priest blew three times on the child's face, saying, "Depart from him, impure spirit, and make the way for the Holy Spirit." This ritual reflected the unquestioned assumption in Augustine's age of the devil's power over humanity and the necessity of breaking his grip in a supernatural rite of initiation.
Chatwin M, Simonds AK (2009) The addition of mechanical insufflation/ exsufflation
shortens airway-clearance sessions in neuromuscular patients with chest infection.
Greed and Indifference Do., 1989, would make for a stupefying pairing with another work by Lamer, Every Artist Gave a Breath (Graz '88), 1988, created for a group show in which the exhibiting artists inoculated a single culture with their breath: The accumulated exsufflations
turned it black.