Exophiala


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Exophiala

(ek'sō-fī'ă-lă),
A genus of pathogenic fungi having dematiaceous conidiophores with one- or two-celled annelloconidia. They cause mycetoma or phaeohyphomycosis; in cases of mycetoma, black granules develop in subcutaneous abscesses; in cases of phaeohyphomycosis, hyaline or brownish hyphae are found in tissues.
[exo + G. phialē, a broad flat vessel]

Exophiala

A genus of imperfect fungus with no known sexual state. Colonies are initially yeast-like, moist, and brownish to greenish black. The texture becomes velvety due to short, aerial hyphae. The front colour is olive-black; the reverse is black in mature colonies. Exophiala may cause mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis after traumatic subcutaneous inoculation in a background of local or systemic immunosuppression, such as organ transplantation. Other sources of infection include prosthetic valve vegetations, fungemia and systemic infection.

Ex·o·phi·a·la

(eks'ō-fī-ā'la)
A genus of pathogenic fungi having dematiaceous conidiophores. They cause mycetoma or phaeohyphomycosis; in cases of mycetoma, black granules develop in subcutaneous abscesses; in cases of phaeohyphomycosis, sclerotic bodies are found in tissues.
[exo + G. phialē, a broad flat vessel]
References in periodicals archive ?
Asi mismo, hongos cultivables residentes en nasofaringe demostraron una micota abundante y variada de hongos miceliares del genero Aspergillus sp, Penicillium sp, Alternaria sp, Mucor sp, Cladosporium sp, Absidia sp, Exophiala sp, Acremonium sp, Curvularia sp, Dreschslera sp, Fusarium sp, Geotrichum sp, Rhizopus sp, Scopularium sp, Ucladium sp y Verticillium sp (Mesplet et al., 2005; Guida et al., 2008; Bustos et al., 2011; Guida et al., 2012).
viridictum present present Aureobasidium present Chaetomium present Cladosporium present Cunninghamella present Cylindrocarpon Dendrodochium Exophiala present Fusarium avenaceum present F.
Estudio fitoquimico de los metabolitos principales y extractos de Muehlenbeckia hastulata Johnst con potencial actividad antioxidante y antifungica (Candica albicans, Candidaparapsilosis y Exophiala dermatitidis).
(2, 1.8%), Exophiala dermatitidis (3, 2.7%), Penicillium marneffei (3, 2.7%), Scopulariopsis spp.
agent 9 Exophiala Ketoconazole Cured jeanselmei and surgical curettage 10 Agent not Ketoconazole Not known identified 11 Candida Amphotericin Died albicans B + Fluconazole 12 Madurella Voriconazole Relapsed mycetomatis + surgical after six debridement months and refused for further treatment
Exophiala spinifera and Chaetomium funicola are also included.
Moench) was inoculated with a DSE strain (Exophiala pisciphila GM25) under two different soil water conditions (well-watered (WW), -0.11 MPa; drought-stressed (DS), -0.69 MPa) for one month.
These genera included Alternaria, Aspergillus, Candida, Chrysosporium, Cryptococcus, Exophiala, Fusarium, Histoplasma, Penicillium, Saccharomyces, Scopulariopsis and Trichophyton.
Progress 15(10-11): 1179-1201 (SisM, Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora, Exophiala, Rhinocladiella, Esp).
A comparison of the characteristic sizes of some of these biocomponents with 150 [micro]m size of self-assembled round indentations (Figure 8) demonstrates that each defect may accommodate certain number of large biocomponents depending on their size: of the order of 270 for Exophiala nigrum (black yeast) [26], about 90 for mesenchymal stem cells [27, 28], and 10-12 for human embryonic kidney cells [23].
Exophiala (Wangiella) dermatitidis is a dematiaceous fungus that has been isolated from soil, decaying organic matter, plant debris, and human feces.
They are either associated with Alternaria or Exophiala jeanselmei [3, 4].