anterior compartment syndrome

(redirected from Exertional Compartment Syndrome)

anterior compartment syndrome

A condition that typically arises in the anterior compartment of the lower leg, characterised by cramping, pain and tightness, often with numbness and tingling in the foot.

anterior compartment syndrome

 A condition in which swelling within the anterior compartment of the lower leg jeopardizes the functionality of the muscles, nerves, and arteries that serve the foot

compartment syndrome

effects of increased pressure due to swelling of groups of lower leg muscles confined by fibrous sheets of fascia which restrict expansion within the different compartments. acute compartment syndrome swelling leading to ischaemia and potential necrosis of muscle tissue. May be caused by bleeding following injury. Treatment involves alleviation of the pressure with elevation and anti-inflammatory medication; may require release of pressure by surgical incision of the fascia. chronic exertional compartment syndrome often comes on with a particular predictable amount of strenuous activity, when increased muscle volume raises compartment pressure, impeding blood flow and causing pain which is relieved by rest. Many causes include repetitive overuse, muscle hypertrophy due to training, and foot conditions which alter lower limb biomechanics. anterior compartment syndrome pain on the front of the lower leg, down the outer side of the tibia, when (mainly) the ankle dorsiflexor (tibialis anterior) and toe extensors are affected. lateral compartment syndrome pain on the outer side of the leg when the plantarflexors/everters (peroneus muscles) are affected. posterior compartment syndrome pain in the calf when the muscles in the superficial (mainly the gastrocnemius and soleus) or the deep compartment (tibialis posterior and toe flexors) are involved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute-on-chronic exertional compartment syndrome is a rare and severe progression of the likely common and more benign chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
ELP has a broad differential diagnosis that includes other musculoskeletal conditions-most notably chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS), which has been found to affect 33% of athletes with chronic ELP (1)--as well as a number of vascular and neurologic causes.
Increase in intracompartmental pressure seen in muscle hypertrophy or chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) potentiates herniation [4].
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) in the lower limb is a well-known clinical condition that has been extensively described to date.
Other causes of exercise-induced shin pain include tibial stress fractures and chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
The results confirm the correlation between long distance runners and the increased risk of chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) development.
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the forearm is common and is a well-known clinical condition.
The diagnostic value of MRI scans for the diagnosis of chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the lower leg.
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome represents abnormally increased compartment pressures and pain in the involved extremity secondary to a noncompliant musculofascial compartment.
Additionally, there have been anecdotal reports of increased muscle strain and exertional compartment syndrome in the leg with creatine use.
2] Patients (age [greater than or equal to]16 years) with MTSS complaints persisting for longer than 2 weeks were included in the study when no tibial stress fracture or chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) was suspected based on clinical examination.
Shin splints" is a general term that can refer to shin pain from a variety of causes including exertional compartment syndrome, claudication, stress fracture, stress syndrome and periostitis.