A thorough knowledge of the reproductive aspects of any species is crucial to carry out captive breeding programs, and artificial insemination is considered an effective tool for ex situ conservation of endangered avian species.
Previous studies have shown that nature reserves are preserved and managed for conservation of endangered plant species and to provide special opportunities for study and research through both in situ and ex situ conservation (Araujo et al.
The Gyps Vulture Restoration Facility in Changa Manga Forest Reserve is the only ex situ conservation initiative in Pakistan, which is dedicated to retaining and increasing the current vulture population, since 2005.
Therefore, the quantification of genetic diversity, inbreeding, and the existence of spatial genetic structure in species populations helps us to determine measures needed for genetic conservation by informing ways to maximize the genetic diversity in seed collection strategies for ex situ conservation programs, breeding, and recovery of degraded areas, as well as identify minimum areas for in situ conservation (Sebbenn et al.
Its major aim is to establish seed banking of wild plant species in the UAE, for long-term ex situ conservation of native wild taxa and to make available information for seed materials that could be used for basic or applied research.