evidence-based medicine

(redirected from Evidence-based clinical information)

evidence-based medicine

process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines.

evidence-based medicine

(1) The application of the best-available (i.e., most reliable) evidence gained from the scientific method to guide clinical decision-making. The most rigourous evidence comes from meta-analysis of multiple double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

(2) The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favourable outcome.
 
The European Society of Cardiology uses a 3-level scale for rating the level of evidence available for a given treatment.

European Society of Cardiology Levels of Evidence of clinical trials
(A) Data derived from multiple randomised clinical trials or meta-analyses.
(B) Data derived from a single randomised clinical trial or large non-randomised studies.
(C) Consensus of opinion of the experts and/or small studies, retrospective studies, registries.

evidence-based medicine

Decision-making 'The use of scientific data to confirm that proposed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures are appropriate in light of their high probability of producing the best and most favorable outcome'. See Meta-analysis.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
The process of applying relevant information derived from peer-reviewed medical literature to address a specific clinical problem; the application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine the validity of the information; and the application of the information to the clinical problem.
See also: Cochrane collaboration, clinical practice guidelines

evidence-based medicine

The use of methods of medical treatment and clinical decision-making which have been rigorously tested by properly controlled research. The latter must also be exposed to peer review, publication in respected journals and free criticism before its conclusions can be adopted as a basis for practice. A journal called Evidence-Based Medicine is published jointly by the British Medical Association and the American College of Physicians.

ev·i·dence-based med·i·cine

(ev'i-dĕns-bāst med'i-sin)
Process and use of relevant information from peer-reviewed clinical and epidemiologic research to address a specific clinical issue, and thereby weighing the attendant risks and benefits of diagnostic tests and therapeutic measures; literature to address a specific clinical problem; application of simple rules of science and common sense to determine validity of information.
References in periodicals archive ?
The addition of NDSC accelerates the efforts of Change Healthcare to leverage evidence-based clinical information and next-generation technologies to reduce cost and help ensure appropriate care.
A series of comprehensive, integrated software applications from Wolters Kluwer that helps organizations make evidence actionable at the bedside, Lippincott Solutions includes advanced online workflow technology, current evidence-based clinical information, and professional development tools for the practicing nurse.
The free version includes comprehensive info on prescription drugs, a medical calculator by specialty, evidence-based clinical information on hundreds of diseases and symptom-related topics and timely content that nurses need to know onthe-go such as journal summaries, breaking clinical news and drug alerts.
The study, conducted by researchers from California Teratogen Information Service (CTIS) Pregnancy Health Information Line, uses data obtained by counsellors at the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line, a toll-free service offering evidence-based clinical information about exposures during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Case studies from morning report: librarians' role in helping residents find evidence-based clinical information. Med Ref Serv Q.
The Journal of Family Practice is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes evidence-based clinical information supplemented by expert commentary on timely topics relevant to family physicians.
For years, marketers have segmented their patient populations with limited insight into real-world, evidence-based clinical information. They relied mostly on primary market research (which was sometimes limited by small sample sizes and inaccuracies related to physician and patient recall), in combination with dispensed prescription data, to understand how product utilization varied by patient segment.
The product is "not a database of guidelines and articles," the company said, but a "knowledge base with completely original evidence-based clinical information." "PDxMD" was officially launched in October and will be commercially available beginning in March 2002 for local networks, PC and handheld platforms as well as on the Internet.
Now, Amphia clinicians have direct, expedited access to trusted, evidence-based clinical information and actionable treatment recommendations at the point of care.
The five-year contract provides HHC clinicians with anytime/anywhere access to evidence-based clinical information to help improve their decision-making at the point of care.
Institutional users of Lippincott Advisor now have fast, mobile access to vital evidence-based clinical information both online and offline, which is critical in situations when the Internet is unavailable.
There is a significant body of evidence to demonstrate that evidence-based clinical information delivered at the point of care can significantly improve patient care.

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