boneset

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Related to Eupatorium perfoliatum: Gelsemium sempervirens, Euphrasia officinalis

boneset

Herbal medicine
(1) Comfrey, see there; Symphytum officinal.
(2) Eupatorium perfoliatum, agueweed, crosswort, feverwort, Indian sage, thoroughwort. A perennial herb which contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids, flavonoids (e.g., eupatorin, quer-cetin, rutin), terpenoids, volatile oil (tremerol and resin; it is antipyretic and diaphoretic, and has been used for arthritis, colds, diarrhoea, malaria, respiratory congestion, rheumatic complaints, snakebites, as a digestive tonic and was regarded by some herbalists as a cure-all. Boneset owes its name to its efficacy in treating breakbone fever.
 
Toxicity
Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting; fresh boneset contains the toxin tremerol, which causes vomiting, shortness of breath and, if in excess, coma and death; boneset is hepatotoxic due to pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

bone·set

(bōn'set)
Herbal made from leaves of Eupatorium perfoliatum; long history of use; purported value as antiinflammatory and antipyretic; used in treatment of URI; employed in Native American medicine as an antimalarial in the 17th century.
Synonym(s): agueweed, crosswort, feverwort, vegetable antimony.
References in periodicals archive ?
bicolor (both from the field), Artemisia vulgaris, Eupatorium perfoliatum, and Chrysopsis villosa (from greenhouse-grown plants).
Eupatorium perfoliatum S 28 0.3226 D + E 0.83 >0.50 D(S) 27 0.4524 E 1.20 0.25 E 117 0.3766 D.
Besides having many of the plants commonly found in the wet areas in the mesic woods, this meadow contains several additional plant species including Aster pilosus, Carex spp., Circaea lutetiana, Clematis virginiana, Cornus alternifolia, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Geum vernum, Iodanthus pinnatifidus, Lilium michiganense, Lysimachia ciliata, Monarda clinopodia (on the border with Farmer's Field), Sambucus canadensis, Viola striata, and Zizia aurea.
Eupatorium perfoliatum L.; Common Boneset; Calcareous fen and sedge meadows; Abundant; C = 4; BSUH 13615.
Eupatorium perfoliatum L.: True boneset; August; field; infrequent; USIH 1027.
Typha latifolia associates here with Eupatorium perfoliatum, Lycopus americana, Mentha arvensis, M.
-- 10, 1.2, 2 78, 13.2, 16 Equisetum fluviatile -- -- -- Equisetum palustris 13, 0.27, 2 -- -- Eriophorum virginicum -- -- P Eupatorium maculatum -- P P Eupatorium perfoliatum -- -- -- Galium sp.