Long acting anesthetics drugs such as etidocaine
, bupivacaine, tetracaine, ropivacaine are mainly used for postoperative and intraoperative pain management.
3-days postintratracheal application of 0.5, 1 and 2% etidocaine
and 0.25, 0.5, and 1% tetracaine swelling in the axon and myelin layers and accumulation of macrophages were observed.
Cardiac arrest following regional anaesthesia with etidocaine
Comparison of bupivacaine, etidocaine
, and saline for trigger-point therapy.
Cardiac arrest following regional anesthesia with etidocaine
In the FDA's classification, etidocaine
, lidocaine, and prilocaine are categorized in group B and bupivacaine and mepivacaine are placed in group C because of inducing fetal bradycardia.
Sokoll, "Comparative effects of etidocaine
and lidocaine on nerve and neuromuscular conduction in the frog," Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, vol.
The amide group of local anaesthetic agents include: bupivacaine, L-bupivacaine, lidocaine, ropivacaine, prilocaine, dibucaine, etidocaine
Hyaluronidase improves regional ophthalmic anaesthesia with etidocaine
. Can J Anaesth.
during laparoscopic tubal occlusion for post operative pain relief.
Comparative CNS toxicity of lidocaine, etidocaine
, bupivacaine, and tetracaine in awake dogs following rapid intravenous administration.
Toxic systemic reactions of bupivacaine and etidocaine
. Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology, 79(1), 18-23.