ethylene

(redirected from Ethylene dichloride)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Ethylene dichloride: ethylene dichloride poisoning

ethylene

 [eth´ĭ-lēn]
a colorless, highly flammable gas with a slightly sweet taste and odor, used as an inhalation anesthetic to induce general anesthesia.
ethylene glycol a solvent with a sweet, acrid taste, used as an antifreeze. Acute poisoning by ingestion can result in central nervous system depression, vomiting, hypotension, coma, convulsions, renal damage, and death. While damage is thought to be due to the formed oxalic acid, ethanol is a good treatment because it competitively inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase. The unaltered ethylene glycol is then excreted in the urine.
ethylene oxide a gaseous, flammable alkylating agent with a broad spectrum of activity, capable of killing both spores and viruses; it must be mixed with CO2 or fluorocarbons because it is explosive above 3 per cent. It is used in hospitals, surgery, dentistry, and the pharmaceutical and other industries for disinfecting and sterilizing instruments and equipment that would be destroyed by heat or would be adversely affected by immersion in water or other media. Its optimal germicidal effect occurs after a 3-hour exposure at 30°C.ƒ

Ethylene oxide is toxic because it alkylates tissue constituents; it is carcinogenic and may produce adverse reproductive effects. Inhalation may cause nausea, vomiting, and neurological disorders, and severe exposure may be fatal. Before items exposed to ethylene oxide can be used they must be aired for 5 days at room temperature or for 8 hours at 120° C to remove any trace of the gas. This is also true for articles of clothing, such as gloves and shoes, that have been exposed, because chemical burns can occur when the contaminated clothing comes in contact with the skin.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

eth·yl·ene

(eth'il-ēn),
An explosive constituent of ordinary illuminating gas; hastens ripening of fruit.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ethylene

(ĕth′ə-lēn′)
n.
A colorless flammable gas, C2H4, derived from natural gas and petroleum and also occurring as a natural plant hormone, used as a source of many organic compounds, in welding and cutting metals, to ripen citrus fruits, and as an anesthetic. Also called ethene.

eth′yl·e′nic (-ə-lē′nĭk, -lĕn′ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ethylene

or

ethene

a simple hydrocarbon with the formula CH2=CH2 that can act as a PLANT HORMONE even when present in very low concentrations (down to 1 ppm). Ethylene inhibits elongation in most growing tissues and promotes leaf ABSCISSION and fruit ripening in some plants. Plant cells produce ethylene from the amino acid METHIONINE. A ripe banana or tomato in a bowl of unripe ones will speed up the ripening process by giving off ethylene.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

eth·yl·ene

(eth'il-ēn)
An explosive constituent of ordinary illuminating gas.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Data Consult Table--5 Producers of Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) in Indonesia Players Production capacity (tons/year) Asahimas Chemical 400.000 Sulfindo Adiusaha 295.000 Total 695.000 Source: Data Consult Table--6 Producers of VCM in Indonesia Players Production capacity (tons/year) Asahimas Chemical 400.000 Sulfindo Adiusaha 100.000 Total 500.000 Source: Data Consult Table--7 Producers of PVC resin and capacity (Tons/Year) Name of company Status Location Production Start up Capacity year PT.
Although the neurological effects of ethylene dichloride (EDC) have been explored, the literature offers little information concerning the long-term effects on adaptive functioning.
To have to operate two processes to the same product was awkward, however, and the continually increasing price differential between ethylene and acetylene prompted a search for more direct ways to use the hydrogen chloride byproduct from the cracking of ethylene dichloride. Over a century ago, Deacon found that it was possible to oxidize hydrogen chloride catalytically by heating it with air (equation 9).
[ClickPress, Thu May 16 2019] Market Research Reports Search Engine (MRRSE) has recently updated its massive report catalog by adding a fresh study titled " Ethylene Dichloride Market in-Depth Analysis with Booming Trends Supporting Growth and Forecast till 2028 ".
QVC produces caustic soda, ethylene dichloride and vinyl chloride monomer.
The Jubail-based producer makes basic petrochemicals including propylene, acrylic acid, ethylene, low and high-density polyethylene, caustic chlorine and ethylene dichloride.
Solvent-based Phenguard 930/935/940 coatings provide a lining system for tanks storing the broadest range of chemicals and refined products, including highly aggressive materials such as methanol, ethylene dichloride (EDC), caustic sodas and fatty acids.
Project, Budget ($ US), Facility, Status AAC - Ethylene Amines Complex, 150,000,000, Ethylene, EPC ACVC - Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) and Acrylic Complexes, 400,000,000, Ethylene, EPC ITB
ASC has an integrated facility producing Caustic Soda (NaOH), Ethylene Dichloride (EDC), Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM), Hydrochloric Acid (HCl), Liquid Chlorine (Cl2) and Sodium Hypochlorite (NaClO) in Cilegon, Banten occupying a land plot of 90 hectares.
The assessment team estimated that about 2,314 tons of the solvent ethylene dichloride and more than 88 tons of metallic mercury leaked out of the petrochemical plant during the war.
Borden Chemicals and Plastics, for its PVC plants in Addis, La., and Geismar, La.; and its EDC (ethylene dichloride)/VCM (vinyl chloride monomer) plant in Geismar;

Full browser ?