ethylene dibromide


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Related to ethylene dibromide: Ethylene dichloride

eth·yl·ene di·bro·mide

(eth'il-ēn dī-brō'mīd),
Compound used in antiknock gasolines. Severe skin irritant; may cause blistering. Inhalation causes delayed pulmonary lesions. Prolonged exposure may also result in liver and kidney injury. May be a human carcinogen.

eth·yl·ene di·bro·mide

(eth'il-ēn dī-brō'mīd)
Compound used in antiknock gasolines. Severe skin irritant; may cause blistering. Inhalation causes delayed pulmonary lesions. Prolonged exposure may also result in liver and kidney injury. May be a human carcinogen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two fatalities after acute occupational exposure to ethylene dibromide. J.Am Med Assoc 1984; 252: 2428-3
Ansari.Covalent binding of Ethylene dibromide and its metabolites to albumin.
TABLE 1: DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AGE(YEARS) MALE FEMALE TOTAL 11 5 6 11 21 9 11 20 31 6 2 8 41 0 1 1 TOTAL 20 20 40 TABLE 2: Clinical Characteristics of Ethylene Dibromide Poisoning SYMPTOM NUMBER OF PATIENTS PERCENTAGE Abdominal pain 33 82.5% Nausea & vomiting 35 87.5% Drowsiness 10 25% Oliguria 4 10% Haematmesis 3 7.5% TABLE: 3 Number of ampoules consumed and mortality pattern AMPOULES PLASMAPHERESIS CONSERVATIVE TOTAL SURVIVED EXPIRED SURVIVED EXPIRED 1 4 1 12 1 19 2 4 0 9 2 15 3 2 1 0 0 3 4 0 1 0 1 2 5 0 0 0 1 1 10 3 22 5 40 TABLE 4: TOXICITY PROFILE in Ethylene Dibromide Poisoning CONSERVATIVE PLASMAPHERESIS TOTAL HEPATIC 15 11 26 RENAL 4 6 10 CARDIAC 7 12 19 HEMATOLOGICAL 1 2 2 C.N.S 2 2 2 NO BIOCHEMICAL ABNORMALITY 14 0 14
Modeling number Number of monitoring of census tracts sites with median exceeding health exceeding health Pollutant benchmark (%) benchmark (%) Acrolein 855 (70) Not monitored Arsenic 56 (5) ?(a) Benzene 575 (47) 9 (36) 1,3-Butadiene 742 (60) Not monitored Carbon tetrachloride 1,230 (100) 22 (88) Chloroform 0 (0) 1 (4) Chromium 9 (1) ?(a) Ethylene dibromide 0 (0) 1 (4) Formaldehyde 701 (57) 23 (92) Nickel 5 (0)(b) ?(a) POM 1,230 (100) Not monitored
Total Point source Area source emissions contribution contribution Pollutant (tons/day) (%) (%) Acrolein(a) 2.13 -- 64 Arsenic 0.09 94 4 Benzene 25.76 5 28 1,3-Butadiene 3.89 2 32 Carbon tetrachloride 0.04 42 58 Chloroform 0.34 83 17 Chromium 0.07 83 12 Ethylene dibromide 0.00 -- -- Formaldehyde(a) 15.40 9 33 Nickel 0.18 77 19 POM 3.79 3 30 Background Mobile source concentration as contribution percent of modeled Pollutant (%) mean concentration (%) Acrolein(a) 36 0 Arsenic 2 0 Benzene 67 32 1,3-Butadiene 66 0 Carbon tetrachloride -- 100 Chloroform -- 94 Chromium 5 0 Ethylene dibromide -- 100 Formaldehyde(a) 58 26 Nickel 4 0 POM 67 0
At specific individual monitoring sites, the median concentrations exceeded the health benchmark value for the additional pollutants chloroform, ethylene dibromide, and arsenic.
(b) The 15 noncarcinogenic substances in common between modeling and monitoring include acetaldehyde; benzene; cis-1,3-dichloropropene; carbon tetrachloride; chlorobenzene; chloroform; dichloromethane; ethyl benzene; ethylene dibromide; formaldehyde; hexachloro-1,3-butadiene; xylene; p-dichlorobenzene; styrene; and toluene.