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, urethane (yū'rĕ-than, -thān),
Agent with antimitotic activity; formerly used medically as a hypnotic, but now more often used as an anesthetic for laboratory animals.
Synonym(s): ethyl carbamate
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Ethyl carbamate induces cell death through its effects on multiple metabolic pathways.
Application of the margin of exposure (MOE) approach to substances in food that are genotoxic and carcinogenic Example: Ethyl carbamate. Food and Chemical Toxicology, v.48, p.S63-S68, 2010.
A variety of alcoholic beverages within the UK were analyzed for the presence of ethyl carbamate using an Ellutia 200 series GC interfaced to an 800 series TEA working in nitrogen detection mode.
Testing for the presence of ethyl carbamate in food and distilled alcoholic beverage products are thought to help reduce the risk of developing cancer.
Henshaw, "Induction of pulmonary tumors in mice with ethyl carbamate (urethane)," Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol.
Yoon et al., "Exposure to ethyl carbamate in alcohol-drinking and nondrinking adults and its reduction by simple charcoal filtration," Food Control, vol.
In the following, we therefore focus on copper, manganese, acetaldehyde and ethyl carbamate, which all had incidences above 10% in our sample.
But Dr Richard Dixon, head of research at Friends of the Earth Scotland, described it as "alarming" that the popular drink would always contain small quantities of ethyl carbamate.
In the 1980s, concerns were first raised over the trace presence of ethyl carbamate in whisky.
In 1997, Christian Butzke and Linda Bisson of the University of California, Davis, assembled an "Ethyl Carbamate Preventive Action Manual" for the FDA.
I think Gene Ford reported a mushroom has more ethyl carbamate than 20 bottles of wine.
Present technology and analytical methods cannot guarantee that wine won't contain ANY ethyl carbamate. In fact, the odds are heavy that practically any fermented food or beverage will contain traces.