Ethnographic Research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
The observation of and interaction with persons or a group being studied in the group's own environment, often for long periods of time
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous ethnographic research and user-centered design successes for the child welfare intake module functionality were again leveraged to understand and improve the diagramming process for family relationships.
We then provide an overview of the research methods employed in traditional ethnographic research, particularly relying on the studies outlined above, and how these methods have been applied in economic research.
The survey follows the ethnographic research conducted earlier this year that saw student researchers engage Qatari women in typical majlis (the Arabic word for an informal gathering) settings.
Furthermore, it is exemplary of how the online community manager uses ethnographic research and employs 'interactional expertise' to 'cross knowledge boundaries' - concepts borrowed from social science and defined in greater detail in this section.
Following a comprehensive introductory discussion of the pivotal role of fieldnotes in conducting ethnographic research, the authors examine the complementary process of participating and observing the lived experiences of real people in natural settings and how one decides what events and interactions are deserving of attention.
Developing customer personas based on ethnographic research really isn't anything new, says Jonathan Browne, a Forrester Research analyst specializing in customer experience.
Perceiving reciprocity between male and female ritual behaviour in the Ankave example that was previously unreported led Bonnemere to question whether other ethnographic research on male ritual practices in Papua New Guinea were likewise flawed.
Media, Learning, and Sites of Possibility provides new insights into the relationships between youth, pedagogy, and media, and points to unexamined possibilities for teaching, learning, and ethnographic research that emerge when media--including computer technologies, photography, popular music, and film--become central features of learning spaces that youth occupy.
* Simone Duvette, University of Western Ontario, is undertaking ethnographic research on Inuit beliefs and values regarding child development and well-being;
Overall, however, this volume is an important and seminal work, enlivened by the fresh ethnographic research that informs the variety of its perspectives.
"It appears that reporters are using blogs more for ethnographic research than they are for investigative research," Johnson said.
Some chapters are more theoretically focused while others use ethnographic research to demonstrate how practice theory is applied.