ethnobotany

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ethnobotany

Herbal medicine
The field of alternative healthcare that formally studies the relationship between plants and a population, in particular the medicinal use of plants by an ethnic group. The ethonobotanical approach to drug discovery is more efficient than random searches for plant-derived agents of therapeutic interest; drugs so discovered include aspirin (Filipendula ulmaria), codeine (Papaver somniferum), ipecac (Psychotria ipecacuanha), pilocarpine (Pilocarpus jaborandi), reserpin (Rauvolfia serpentina), theophylline (Camelia sinensis) and vinblastine (Cantharanthus roseus).

eth·no·bot·a·ny

(ethnō-botă-nē )
A study of the role of plants in the life of early humankind.
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Because of their taxonomic similarities, several terminologies have been used to refer to the same species of the Plectranthus genus, which interferes with the collection of information about the ethnobotanic use of this genus.
(3) Another biologist, Tindale (1974), based at the South Australian Museum, was applying scientific methods to the recording of Aboriginal culture; as 'curator of ethnology', he collected ethnobotanic data and specimens across Australia.
Cladistic analysis might therefore provide a useful method for cross-cultural ethnobotanic comparisons (Hart and Cox 2000).
Anthropologists and archaeologists with museum experience have added to the ethnobotanic component of this literature; Buhmann (et al 1976) and Kamminga (1988) have identified woods used in artefact manufacture, using literature and museum specimens.
This interesting hypothesis gives insight about the ethnobotanic and taxonomic origin of cassava, and it should be tested in the near future using DNA mapping techniques.
The plant materials were selected from ethnobotanic data and the best result was obtained with Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi.
Table 1 Plants used for testing antimicrobial activity based on ethnobotanic studies.
The object of studies on medicinal plants is the ethnobotanic awareness which still happens in remote and biodiversity rich areas [1].