Racial Profiling

(redirected from Ethnic profiling)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
(1) The use of racial or ethnic characteristics in assessing a person’s risk of committing a particular type of illegal act
(2) The practice by law enforcers of targeting racial groups—e.g., presumed Middle Easternersat airport security or African Americans during motorist stops—because of the belief that they are more likely to engage in criminal activity
References in periodicals archive ?
"Israel employs ethnic profiling, spending more time interviewing a young Arab male with a one-way ticket paid for in cash than an elderly Jewish grandmother or Hebrew University students off on a summer holiday.
Under the Supreme Court's regrettable interpretation of the constitution's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures, it is permissible for law enforcement officers in Arizona to practice de facto national origin or ethnic profiling by lawfully stopping a person for a minor traffic violation while specifically targeting them for a violation of Arizona's anti-Hispanic immigrant law.
This flagrant case of ethnic profiling is painful on many levels, not the least of which is its tragic irony: Shalala, the current president of the University of Miami and former secretary of health and human services under Bill Clinton, was a VIP visitor who had arrived with a delegation of American university presidents to protest academic boycotts against Israel.
Shami Chakrabarti, director of civil rights group Liberty, said ethnic profiling would be "dangerous, self-defeating and downright irresponsible".
With 13 of the 14 nations cited by the US Transportation Security Administration (TSA) being majority Muslim states, the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), a Muslim civil rights and advocacy organisation, said the procedures amounted to ethnic profiling.
Malcolm Galdwell's WHAT THE DOG SAW (9781600249150, $39.98) receives his own narrative style and provides a winning survey of the birth of American products, their marketing, and related issues from ethnic profiling to intelligence test results.
Indian smash "New York," the opening film of the 33rd Cairo International Film Festival, looks at the United States post 9/11 and deals with the issue of ethnic profiling and prejudices that emerged in its aftermath.
By the 1980s, Jeffreys-Jones argues, the FBI largely regained its prosecutorial mission and then lost it by falling into ethnic profiling and xenophobia during America's War on Terrorism.
The ENAR publishes weekly reports in English and other languages and provides access to scholarly fact sheets such as the June 2009 Report on Ethnic Profiling, the February 2009 Report on European Law and Equality that grew out of the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the 2000 Charter of Human Rights, and the 2007 Report Against Religious
Two fifths of Muslims who said they had been stopped by police in 2008 said that it had been on the grounds of their ethnic origin, with accusations of ethnic profiling from North Africans in Spain or Italy reaching over 70 percent.
Welch (English, University of Vermont) takes up this question in an age defined not only by YouTube and MySpace, but also by the conversion of public streets into festival marketplaces, the creation of cordoned-off and tucked-away "free speech zones," and the state sanctioning of ethnic profiling. She traces the erosion of publicity rights to post-9/11 legislation, and to 30 years of neoliberal privatization of space, institutions, and resources.
He then moves into a more academically informed realm of explanation, referencing moral panic theory and risk society literature as he looks at crucial events which provide a sense of where we've been and, more worrisome still, where we're headed: ethnic profiling, detention, hate crimes, state crimes, torture, Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo Bay, and falsely reported claims of legitimacy and effectiveness.