They also learned the meanings of key terms such as: Estimated Average Requirements
(EAR); Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA); Adequate Intake (AI); Daily Value (DV); and Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)--making this DSC lunch briefing an opportunity for staffers to learn valuable information for their personal use and to help them better understand issues related to policymaking.
The mean daily intakes of protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, niacin, thiamin, riboflavin, iron, and zinc were compared with Estimated Average Requirements (EAR) for NPNL women  to estimate the percentage of requirement met by the women's' intakes over the study period.
Over 70% of all the women from both zones did not meet the estimated average requirement for energy.
There are estimated average requirements
of energy and individual nutrients for children of different ages.
However, with the advent of the new NRVs, we have nutrient-specific estimates of average requirements for various nutrients by age/gender called the estimated average requirements
. We also now have adequate intake figures for some additional nutrients where the available data are insufficient to set an estimated average requirement
Nutrient-based standards will also be introduced from September 2008, based on estimated average requirements
of energy, protein, carbohydrate, fibre and other nutrients.
Department of Health guidelines give the estimated average requirements
as 1,940 calories a day for women, 2,550 for men.
The main alphabetical text is followed by tables giving units of measure, estimated average requirements
for energy, labelling reference values for vitamins and minerals, desirable ranges of heights and weights, intake statistics, food additives, vitamins and fatty acids found in foods.
For children aged 7 to 10, the estimated average requirement
of energy is 1970 kilocalories (kcal) a day for boys and 1740 kcal for girls.